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The Story Index of a Composite Gospel
Introduction
The Story Index of a Composite Gospel
Story Index
The Scripture Index of a Composite Gospel
Scripture Index
The first third of a composite Gospel
Composite Gospel I
The second third of a composite Gospel
Composite Gospel II
The last third of a composite Gospel
Composite Gospel III
The last third of a composite Gospel
Special Comparison


why I became a scientist who is a creationist

A Composite Gospel

This Composite Gospel using the text from The World English Bible
(WEB)
combines the four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John)
plus a few verses from Acts and 1 Corinthians into one text.

In addition, The King James Version (KJV) and The Updated King James
Version (UKJV)
are also used in spots. The text coming from either the
KJV or the UKJV is identified by being (enclosed in parentheses).

Click on the Story Index or one of the Composite Gospel links:
(Composite Gospel I, Composite Gospel II, or Composite Gospel III)
to view the actual Composite Gospel.

Why a Composite Gospel?

Have you ever read one of the four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John) wishing that you could somehow read all four of the Gospels together, at the same time? You read one story and you remember that there is more to the story but where is it? Each of the four Gospels give only a part of the picture. So when we read any one of the four Gospels, by itself, we are missing much of the story. We can only get the whole picture when all four Gospels are read together.

You can use your own Bible in trying to find the parallel stories in the four Gospels yourself. However this would be rather difficult and time consuming.

Biblical scholars have provided a very good way to study these parallel stories in the different gospels. They have placed related text in a side-by-side format and its called A Harmony of the Gospel. Below is a small example of a Harmony.



Jesus Arrives in Galilee

Matt 4:17

17 From that time, Jesus began to preach, and to say, "Repent! For the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand."

Mark 1:14-15

14 Now after John was taken into custody, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the Good News of the Kingdom of God,
15 and saying, "The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God is at hand! Repent, and believe in the Good News."

Luke 4:14-15

14 Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee, and news about him spread through all the surrounding area.
15 He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.

John 4:43-46

43 After the two days he went out from there and went into Galilee.
44 For Jesus himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country.
45 So when he came into Galilee, the Galileans received him, having seen all the things that he did in Jerusalem at the feast, for they also went to the feast.
46 Jesus came therefore again to Cana of Galilee, where he made the water into wine.



It is very interesting to view the parallel texts side-by-side, but it is not easy reading because it is often difficult to figure out how the texts can fit together. It can often take quite a bit of time to fit the text together that allow the original four Gospels to agree with each other.

Below is the same selection of text, but as they are found in this Composite Gospel.


Jesus Arrives in Galilee
(Matt 4:17 Mark 1:14-15 Luke 4:14-15 John 4:43-46)

43 After the two days he went out from there and went into Galilee.
44 For Jesus himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country.

14
So, after John was taken into custody, Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Cana of Galilee, where he made the water into wine, and news about him spread through all the surrounding area.
15 He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.
45 When he came into Galilee, the Galileans received him, having seen all the things that he did in Jerusalem at the feast, for they also went to the feast.
17 From that time, Jesus began to preach, the Good News of the Kingdom of God, and to say, "The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God is at hand! Repent, and believe in the Good News." Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand."


What I wanted to do was to have all the four gospels put together in so simple a manner that it would be easy to read. If I did the work of putting the gospels together then the reader would not have to go through the difficult process themselves.

So now, the reader can simply read, knowing that he or she is reading a composite reading of the four gospels that has the combined information found in Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

Yet at the same time, because of the features of this composite gospel (These features are discussed below), the reader can know where each word comes from, in the real four gospels. So, if a question arises, the reader can stop and turn to their own personal Bible to determine for themselves how the four gospels relate to each other.

What Version of the Bible to Use?

I wanted to start with a version of the Bible which is well respected and easy to read. However, I then found that copyright restrictions would prevent unrestricted free posting on the internet or other media. So copyright law would keep me from legally putting this work on the internet for free. The publisher would want royalties. One of the main purposes in producing this Composite Bible is that it would be a free resource to all who have access to the internet.

Also, I would not just have the text of the Bible on my web site, I would be combining the four Gospel's together into one text, so I would be bringing things together in a way that actually changes the text of the Bible itself. This is not wanted by the publishers who own the copyright. They don't even want the punctuation to be changed.

So, I want an easy-to-read version, but virtually all the new easy reading versions are copyrighted. The only ones that are not, are old and archaic like The King James Version and the American Standard Version of 1901, or so I thought. Then I found out that the Rainbow Missions, Inc., has been working to provide a Public Domain update of the ASV of 1901 called The World English Bible. It is not copyrighted! I have found that The World English Bible (WEB) reads very well. So I have chosen the The World English Bible (WEB) to be the version that this Composite Gospel is based.

In addition to The World English Bible, The King James Version (KJV) and The Updated King James Version (UKJV) are also used in spots to allow for a smoother flowing text. When combining text together, it is sometimes helpful to have an alternate way of expressing the thought. This is especially important when there is a combining of text from different sources such as The four Gospels. The text coming from either the KJV or the UKJV is identified by being (enclosed in parentheses). Both the KJV and the UKJV are both within the Public Domain.

How were these four Gospels combined into a single Composite Gospel?

I chose to use a Harmony of the Gospels by A. T. Robertson to help me understand more fully how the four Gospels relate to each other in a side-by-side format. However, in the process of using Robertson's harmony, I started to realize that I differed from Robertson, occasionally, on how the original Gospels fit with each other. So this Composite Gospel does not follow Robertson's harmony on every point.

In a Harmony of the Gospels, we obviously can have up to all four books side-by-side. However, in a Composite Gospel, only a single text is used. Often, one of the four Gospels is used as the main text, with bits and pieces of the other three Gospels being inserted where they say more than the main text. If one of the original gospels gives more information than the other three; then, the one having more information is chosen as the main text. However, if all the original gospels are about the same in giving information, then the one that is easiest to read will automatically be picked. So, the composite text has all the information that is contained in all four of the Gospels.

It is my purpose to make the sentence structure as simple as possible. In looking over the four Gospels, I have found that Matthew has a very simple and direct way of writing. Mark, on the other hand seems to have a more complicated style of writing. Luke, seems to be awkward at times. So, when more than one of the original gospels are about equal in information and coverage, Matthew is usually chosen as the main source of the text. Then the specific facts, the bits and pieces, are then inserted from the other of the four original gospels to make the composite gospel more complete. So, the same information that is found in the different original gospels, is now contained in this Composite Gospel.

Color is Used to Keep the Reader Connected to the Original Four Gospels

Another important aspect of this Composite Gospel, is that there is a need to keep the reader connected to the original four Gospels while reading the composite text. If the reader looses contact with the original presentation of the Gospel, as is found in the Bible, than this new composite Gospel could have a negative effect on the reader. It is important that the reader knows where the words are coming from in this Composite Gospel.

So, an important feature of this Composite Gospel is that the text itself is color-coded. Each Book has its own specific color as you will see when you click to the actual Composite Gospel.

Matthew - Red        Luke - Green        Acts - Orange                      
Mark - Brown         John - Blue           1 Corinthians - Light Blue
Added words (usually connecting words) - Purple

Also, the words of the four original gospels are used rather extensively, almost exclusively, as is. Only a few words, mostly connecting words have been added or changed in the text to allow the composite text to read well. These added or changed words have their own distinctive color (purple).

So, not only will the reader of this composite Gospel have a simple reading of the combined information found in the four Gospels, but, as they are reading the text, they will know from what original Gospel book they are reading. Also, the verse numbers, at the beginning of each new verse, is the actual verse as found in the Bible, of the specific Gospel being used at the moment. So it should be an easy matter for the reader to note the color of the verse number and open up the Bible and find the exact verse that they are reading.

The Need to Restate Important Concepts

As a teacher, I have found that it is often helpful to restate important concepts, to say things more than once in different ways, so that the idea can sink into the minds of my students. Since I have found that the writers of the four Gospels often complement each other by saying things in different ways, I have often placed their comments together in much the same way as I might say it as a teacher, in class.

Here is an example where both Matthew and Mark are saying about the same thing, yet I found it helpful to have the text restate this important concept more than once: "The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God is at hand! Repent, and believe in the Good News." "Repent! For the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand."

Having the text restate important concepts could encourage some to look at the text of Matthew and Mark (in this example) to note the difference for themselves. Also, having various text restated should not detract us from having a free flowing composite text of the four Gospels since these four books are often very brief in their presentation; And we, in common conversation, often repeat ourselves for added emphasis.

However, the restating of various text does go against the way most translations of the Bible are rendered. Most translators do a word for word translation, and even if the meaning of the english word is somewhat different from the word in the original language, causing much of the idea to be lost in the translation; It is done anyway. The word for word translation tradition is followed religiously.

I believe that since this new text is a composite text of the four original gospels, there needs to be some sort of indication, within the text itself, that there are differences between the various original Gospels. The restating of various important concepts will help show these differences and at the same time, adding a richness to the story of the Gospel.

The Features in This Composite Gospel are Designed to Limit the Loss of Information

There is a certain amount of loss when four different books are combined into a single account of what happened. Often in the past, there have been attempts to make a single composite Gospel. It is said that they wrote these combined works with a certain amount freedom. This freedom of expression is sometimes necessary since the four original gospels are quite different. Just by its very nature, a Harmony of the gospels is more accurate since there is no loss of information. A Harmony preserves even the differences in style as they originally were written, except for the fact that the actual language is different.

However, in this Composite Gospel, an easier reading of the four Gospels together was the objective. So features were incorporated into this Composite Gospel that are designed to somewhat limit the loss that is enharient in a composite text.

Just by having the actual text of the four original gospels identified by color, allows the reader to be fully aware what original book they are actually reading. So, if the reader wants to keep the different styles in mind, they need not be confused.

So, being able to restate important concepts in different ways, using the different original Gospels, is a way to show some of the variation that is found between the different original Gospels. In addition, the adding of the color-coded text also allows the reader to see where these restated concepts come from. It is an important tool in allowing the reader to start seeing the differences, found in the four original Gospels.


Some Scripture do not Easily Fit Together

There are some parts that are not easy to bring together into a single text. There are some places where the Gospel writers seem to disagree with one another to the point where it is virtually impossible to bring the text together. There are a few examples where I thought it important that the reader see the difference in approach, so that the reader can realize how these books were initially written.

So in these few places, parallel text is placed side-by-side to allow the reader to see for themselves how different they are from each other. Below is a listing of these few places. Underneath each heading is an explanation as to why they were left as parallel text and not as a composite text. In these examples, only the parallel text is shown. The rest of each example can be found in the Composite Gospel itself.




2
Jesus' Genealogy

The genealogies of Matthew and Luke are very different from each other. Matthew starts at the beginning with Abraham going to Jesus, while Luke starts with Jesus, going back to Adam! So they are going in opposite directions and different people are used in the lineage. One uses Mary's ancestry while the other uses Joseph's ancestry. They cannot be made to match nor should they be made to fit into a single text.

(Matt 1:1-17 Luke 3:23-38)

1 The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:
2 Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob, and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers.
3 Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron, and Hezron begot Ram.
4 Ram begot Amminadab, Amminadab begot Nahshon, and Nahshon begot Salmon.
5 Salmon begot Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse,
6 and Jesse begot David the king. David the king begot Solomon by her who had been the wife of Uriah.
7 Solomon begot Rehoboam, Rehoboam begot Abijah, and Abijah begot Asa.
8 Asa begot Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat begot Joram, and Joram begot Uzziah.
9 Uzziah begot Jotham, Jotham begot Ahaz, and Ahaz begot Hezekiah.
10 Hezekiah begot Manasseh, Manasseh begot Amon, and Amon begot Josiah.
11 Josiah begot Jeconiah and his brothers about the time they were carried away to Babylon.
12 And after they were brought to Babylon, Jeconiah begot Shealtiel, and Shealtiel begot Zerubbabel.
13 Zerubbabel begot Abiud, Abiud begot Eliakim, and Eliakim begot Azor.
14 Azor begot Zadok, Zadok begot Achim, and Achim begot Eliud.
15 Eliud begot Eleazar, Eleazar begot Matthan, and Matthan begot Jacob.
16 And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called Christ.
17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are fourteen generations.

23 Now Jesus Himself began His ministry at about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, the son of Heli,
24 the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Janna, the son of Joseph,
25 the son of Mattathiah, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai,
26 the son of Maath, the son of Mattathiah, the son of Semei, the son of Joseph, the son of Judah,
27 the son of Joannas, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri,
28 the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmodam, the son of Er,
29 the son of Jose, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi,
30 the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonan, the son of Eliakim,
31 the son of Melea, the son of Menan, the son of Mattathah, the son of Nathan, the son of David,
32 the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Salmon, the son of Nahshon,
33 the son of Amminadab, the son of Ram, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah,
34 the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor,
35 the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah,
36 the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,
37 the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Cainan,
38 the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.




17
Jesus is Baptized

Luke remembers God saying: "You are My beloved Son. In you I am well pleased.", while Matthew remembers God saying: "This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased." Now, Mark remembers God saying: "You are my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased." This is in-between what Matthew and Luke remembered.

Memories of what happened are different, even on the words from God. This difference was retained in the text to show the kinds of differences we see when we compare the different Gospels.

(Matt 3:13-17 Mark 1:9-11 Luke 3:21-23)

17 Behold, a voice out of the heavens said, "(You are. . .) (This is. . .) my beloved Son, (in you. . .) (with whom. . .) (in whom. . .) I am well pleased."




51
Sermon On The Mount
Practice Real Righteousness

119
Lord Teach Us To Pray, The Lord's Prayer

The Lord's Prayer is found in the Bible in two places. They are kept as two separate texts to allow for comparison because it is such a famous quote from Jesus.

(Matt 6:1-18 Luke 11:2-4)

9 Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name.
10 Your kingdom come. Your will be done On earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us this day our daily bread.
12 And forgive us our debts, As we forgive our debtors.
13 And do not lead us into temptation, But deliver us from the evil one. For Yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen..

2 Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come. Your will be done On earth as it is in heaven.
3 Give us day by day our daily bread.
4 And forgive us our sins, For we also forgive everyone who is indebted to us. And do not lead us into temptation, But deliver us from the evil one."




104
Who Will Be The Greatest?

This is one story where the text of Matthew, Mark, and Luke could not me made to agree with each other for the purposses of this Composite Gospel.

(Matt 18:1-5 Mark 9:33-37 Luke 9:46-48 )

1 In that hour the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Who then is greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven?”

33 He came to Capernaum, and when he was in the house he asked them, “What were you arguing among yourselves on the way?”

34 But they were silent, for they had disputed one with another on the way about who was the greatest.

46 There arose an argument among them about which of them was the greatest.
47 Jesus, perceiving the reasoning of their hearts




Click on the Story Index or one of the Composite Gospel links:
(Composite Gospel I, Composite Gospel II, or Composite Gospel III)
to view the actual Composite Gospel.

why I became a scientist who is a creationist

For
Other
Topics
--------->
Click
on Icon
Links


The Story Index of a Composite Gospel
Introduction
The Story Index of a Composite Gospel
Story Index
The Scripture Index of a Composite Gospel
Scripture Index
The first third of a composite Gospel
Composite Gospel I
The second third of a composite Gospel
Composite Gospel II
The last third of a composite Gospel
Composite Gospel III
The last third of a composite Gospel
Special Comparison

Mike's Origins Resources: A PhD Creationist's view of science, origins, and the future hope of the human race; by looking at Creation Science, Biblical Evidence, and Prophecy Molecular History Research Center Modern Day Miracles! Both Miracles that I have Experienced and the Testamonials of others who have experienced Miracles.
Modern Day Miracles! Both Miracles that I have Experienced and the Testamonials of others who have experienced Miracles.


why I became a scientist who is a creationist
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Copyright © 2006 - 2014 by Michael Brown all rights reserved
Officially posted September 3, 2006
last revised November 1, 2014