Note: 1:1A When

  1. When God began to create the sky and the land, Genesis 1:1

When translating the Bible, there are often many directions the translator can go and still be in agreement with the original text of the Bible. However, I think that caution should be exercised. If we go in directions that make one part of the Bible disagree with other parts of the Bible, does that constitute good or proper translating? I do not believe so.

I want to know what the original author wanted to say. But I will not get that understanding if I have him not being consistent with himself. This is especially true with the things of Creation where not much is known to us in today's world.

In addition, it seems that many translations take their direction from tradition (traditional ways of translating the text) rather than trying to understand what was really said.

There are two ways of translating the first two verses of the Bible from the original Hebrew and there is no way from the text itself to determine which of the two are correct. The King James and all the revised versions can be said to favor the concept that God created all of the original stuff of our planet on the first day of Creation Week, God created everything at one time. On the other hand the Anchor Bible, the TANAKH, and now the Brown Bible favor the idea that there was something already present at the beginning of Creation Week. Both are valid renderings of the original Hebrew text.

Remember, the original Hebrew only had consonants and their were no spaces to separate the words. In addition there was no punctuation. The ancient reader had to determine where the words started and ended, and no vowels are supplied in the original writings to fully show what the words might be.

When the translator starts reading the text, if he uses certain vowels, he gets one meaning, however if he uses different vowels, he gets another meaning. So the two groups of translations result from supplying different vowels to the same consonants of the original Hebrew text.

Since the original text is ambiguous, we will need to look elsewhere for the answer. What does Moses seem to suggest in the rest of the text concerning how to translate the first verse? (see NOTE 1:1b create, NOTE 1:1c sky and NOTE 1:1d land).


Note: 1:1B 1:21 1:27 2:3 2:4 Create

  1. When God began to create the sky and the land, Genesis 1:1
  1. So God created the large sea animals and every living creature that moves in the sea. The sea is abundantly filled with these swarms of living creatures, with each one producing more of its own kind. He also made every bird that flies, and each bird produced more of its own kind. God saw that this was good, both pleasant and agreeable to the senses so He approved of it. Genesis 1:21
  1. So God created human beings in His image. In the image of God He created him. He created them male and female. Genesis 1:27
  1. And God blessed the seventh day and set it appart to be His own holy day, because on that day He rested from all His work He had done of creating to make the world.
  2. So, that is the story of the sky and land when they were created. Genesis 2:3-4

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 1254, means to shape, fashion, make, or create. It can even indicate a transformation of nature. It is always refering to divine activity.

Most believe this word means that God creates out of nothing, ex nihilo. However, elsewhere in the Bible Create is used to mean: cut down and to carve (see Joshua 17:15, 18; Ezekiel 23:47) or even to choose (Ezekiel 21:19). In these examples create was used to mean "to form" or "to fashion". Some think these examples come from the Piel form and is different from the Qal form used in Genesis. However this argument is not conclusive. Also create is used in places to indicate a transforming nature (Isaiah 65:17-18; Jeremiah 31:22). So it is probably best to consider the meaning by its usage in the text itself.

Lets see how the word "Create" is used in Genesis to indicate divine acts of making things. It is used quite a bit in the creation story. To better understand what Create means, let's look at the text referring to when God made humans.

  1. Then God said, "Let Us make human beings in our image and likeness. And let them rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the tame animals, over all the earth, and over all the small crawling animals on the earth."
  2. So God created human beings in His image. In the image of God He created him. He created them male and female. Genesis 1:26-27.

Both make and create are used in reference to the making of humans. Both male and female are mentioned, so both Adam and Eve are included. Below, the word "create" is also used in connection with sea creatures, and birds. The word "made" is used in connection with the beast of the earth.

  1. So God created the large sea animals and every living creature that moves in the sea. The sea is abundantly filled with these swarms of living creatures, with each one producing more of its own kind. He also made every bird that flies, and each bird produced more of its own kind. God saw that this was good, both pleasant and agreeable to the senses so He approved of it.
  1. So God made the wild animals, the tame animals, and all the small crawling animals to produce more of their own kind. God saw that this was good, both pleasant and agreeable to the senses so He approved of it. Genesis 1:21, 25.

The above examples show us that "make" and "create" is used for the creation of man (both Adam and Eve), sea creatures, land animals, and birds. There are some who believe that when the word "create" is used, it means that God creates things out of nothing.

This understanding of "create" would dictate that God must have created everything in creation week.

Yet when we read other parts of the Bible, we see that this is not necessarily the case. In the following verse, we see that God took dust and formed man.

  1. Then the Lord God formed a man out of the dust of the ground and He breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and that man became a living person. Genesis 2:7

In the following verses we see how God made Eve. Also we see that God formed every beast of the field and every bird or the air, out of the ground!

  1. From the ground God formed all the wild animals and all the birds of the sky, and He brought them to the man to see what he would call them; and whatever the man called each living creature, that became its name.
  2. And the man gave names to all the tame animals, and to the birds of the sky, and to all the wild animals, But Adam noticed that there was no helper that was like him.
  3. So the Lord God caused the man to sleep very deeply, and while he slept, God removed one of his ribs, then closed up the place with flesh.
  4. The Lord God then used the rib from the man to make a woman, and then he brought her to the man. Genesis 2:19-22.

This is very interesting! We see that God formed both Adam and Eve, all the wild animals, and all the birds from preexisting matter. Yet the words: Create and made are used to describe the very same process. So the word "create" could possibly be translated as: prepare, modify, or transform; since it seems that God uses preexisting matter at least some of the time.

If God used preexisting matter when He made Adam, Eve, and the animals; then God could have also used preexisting matter on the first day and all the other days of creation week. We would all have to agree that God is not restricted to the using of preexisting matter in his creative acts!

So, in an endevor to have the Bible be consistent with itself (See NOTE 1:1a), a better understanding of the word create is to include the possibility that things made by God can be created using preexisting matter.

See NOTE 1:7 to read notes on the word "made" or "make".


Note: 1:1C sky

  1. When God began to create the sky and the land, Genesis 1:1

If we had a better understanding of the words in the text we might be able to understand what the author is really speaking about. Also we might gain clues that might help us determine how to begin Genesis 1:1 (See NOTE 1:1a)

Many Bibles have sky translated as: HEAVEN In Hebrew, Strongs no. 8064 means heaven, heavens, sky.

The word "Heaven" can be used to refer to three different things. It can refer to the atmospheric heavens, the stars in the sky that can be seen from the earth, and to the Heaven where God is.

However, every time we see statements in the Bible where the Biblical writer refers to both the "heaven(s) and earth" together, it is always clear what he means. He always refers to the atmospheric heavens and to the surface of the earth. It is not referring to the stars and to our earth as a planet!

Let's look at some examples:

  1. For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth; And the former shall not be remembered or come to mind. Isaiah 65:17 New King James
  1. Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells. 2 Peter 3:13 New King James
  1. And I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. Revelation 21:1 New King James
  1. And: You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands;
  2. They will perish, but You remain; And they will all grow old like a garment; Hebrews 1:10-11 New King James
  1. But the heavens and the earth which now exist are kept in store by the same word, reserved for fire until the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. 2 Peter 3:7 New King James
  1. But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up. 2 Peter 3:10 New King James

No one believes that the planet earth and the starry universe will be destroyed in the great battle of the last day.


Note: 1:1D 1:2A 1:10 land

See NOTE 2:6 for story information of Genesis 1:2

  1. When God began to create the sky and the land,
  2. the land was a shapeless desolate (empty) waste and the surface of the ocean was in darkness. The Spirit of God moved gently over the water. Genesis 1:1-2
  1. God named the dry ground "land" and the water that He gathered together, He called "seas". God saw that it was pleasant and agreeable to the senses so He approved it. Genesis 1:10

If we had a better understanding of the words in the text we might be able to understand what the author is really speaking about. Also we might gain clues that might help us determine how to begin Genesis 1:1 (See NOTE 1:1a)

Many Bibles have land translated as: EARTH In Hebrew, Strongs no. 776 means earth, land, city, or under world.

Today, the word 'Earth' usually means our whole planet. This would include all the matter that the Earth is composed of to make a planet. However, we need to understand what is meant by the word 'Earth' in the Bible? Let's look at some of the text that refers to the third day of creation week.

  1. Then God said, "Let the water under the sky be gathered together so that the dry land will appear." And so it happened.
  2. God named the dry land "earth" and the water that He gathered together, He called "seas". God saw that it was pleasant and agreeable to the senses so He approved it. Genesis 1:9-10.

We can see that God called the dry land that appeared, Earth! So when Moses uses the word earth, he means the dry land, not the whole planet.

If there was no dry land before The Lord gathered the water together on the third day of creation, then what He did was to create earth or dry land by using preexisting matter. Nothing in the text refers to a whole planet. The creation of dry land that is no-longer flooded by water is the creation of earth.

Later on when Moses describes the flood, he informs us that the flood destroyed "the earth".

  1. I make this agreement with you: It is a pledge that I will keep. I will never again destroy all living things by a flood of water. Never again will I destroy the earth with a flood." Genesis 9:11.

The planet Earth is still here. God did not destroy the whole planet, just the dry land which is called earth. The following verses help to support the idea that the word "earth", is understood to be the dry land.

  1. For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth; And the former shall not be remembered or come to mind. Isaiah 65:17 New King James
  1. Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells. 2 Peter 3:13 New King James
  1. And I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. Revelation 21:1 New King James

It should be clear that the word "earth" is used by the Bible writers to refer to the surface of our planet, not to the planet itself. Nowhere in Daniel or Revelation does the whole planet get destroyed. It is flooded by Noah's flood and burned by fire in the last days, as described in Revelation, but the planet is never destroyed.

In 2 Peter, we see a very clear reference of the earth standing out of the water:

  1. For this they willfully forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water,
  2. by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water. 2 Peter 3:5-6 New King James

Peter is speaking of the earth as the land. In verse 6, he says that the world was destroyed because it was flooded with water. Again, a clear picture that it was the land that was destroyed by flooding. Our planet was never destroyed.

So because it is clear that it is the land that is being mentioned and not our planet, the word "earth" has been changed to "land" in this version of the Bible.

Let's look at some examples:

  1. For behold, I create new heavens and a new earth; And the former shall not be remembered or come to mind. Isaiah 65:17 New King James
  1. Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells. 2 Peter 3:13 New King James
  1. And I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea. Revelation 21:1 New King James
  1. And: You, Lord, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth, And the heavens are the work of Your hands;
  2. They will perish, but You remain; And they will all grow old like a garment; Hebrews 1:10-11 New King James
  1. But the heavens and the earth which now exist are kept in store by the same word, reserved for fire until the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. 2 Peter 3:7 New King James
  1. But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up. 2 Peter 3:10 New King James

No one believes that the planet earth and the starry universe will be destroyed in the great battle of the last day.


Note: 1:2B waste

  1. the land was a shapeless desolate (empty) waste and the surface of the ocean was in darkness. The Spirit of God moved gently over the water. Genesis 1:2

"without form and void" come from two Hebrew words, Strongs no. 8414, the meaning is difficult to pinpoint. It can mean formlessness, confusion, unreality, emptiness. Strongs no. 922 means emptiness.

Some think these two words refer to a time when nothing existed, no matter was present. People who have this idea, usually think of the word "Earth" as representing the whole world instead of just the land. In addition, they believe that when God created, He created things from nothing. He said it, and it was there! So it is easy for them to assume that there was nothing before Creation Week.

If the word Earth is referring to the dry ground, as it is defined in Genesis 1:10, and not the entire world; It seems like the best understanding of "without form and void" would be to describe a surface of the dry ground as being shapeless or a desolate waste.

We find in Jeremiah 4:23-24 that the earth, at the end of time, will go back to the same condition as it was at the beginning, a shapeless desolate (empty) waste.

  1. I beheld the earth, and indeed it was without form, and void; And the heavens, they had no light.
  2. I beheld the mountains, and indeed they trembled, And all the hills moved back and forth. Jeremiah 4:23-24. New King James

Jeremiah describes the earth as a place that is without form, and void. Yet, there are still mountains and hills that were unstable. This state is probably much like the other planets in our solar system or else where. So the earth before creation week could have been a desolate wasteland, much like the other planets in our solar system.


Note: 1:5 1:8 passed

  1. And God named the light "day", and the darkness "night". Evening passed, and then morning. This was the first day. Genesis 1:5
  1. God named the atmosphere "sky". Evening passed, and then morning. This was the second day. Genesis 1:8

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 6153 and 1242, ereb boqer. ereb = evening or night, boqer = morning. These two words are in association with: Strongs no. 1961 which means to be, to become, to exist, to happen. Together this can be translated as: there was evening, and there was morning; or as I had initially translated it: Evening passed, and morning passed. A more accurate reading might be: there was sunset, and there was sunrise. "ereb boqer" does not neccessary say there was dark and there was light, but that the sun set then the sun rose.

Following this phrase is simply the words: the first day. So it is saying: there was evening, and there was morning, the first day; Or more accurately: there was sunset, and there was sunrise, the first day. Clearly the Hebrew is referring to a full day, a 24 hour period of time. Some even suggest that the phrase should be translated as: there was night time, there was day time, the first day.


Note: 1:7 1:16 1:25 1:26 1:31 2:2 2:3 2:4 2:18 make, made, done

  1. So, God made the air that separated the water. He placed some of the water above the air and some below the air. And it happened. Genesis 1:7
  1. Then God made two big lights. He made the brighter light to rule the day and He made the smaller light to rule the night and the stars. Genesis 1:16
  1. So God made the wild animals, the tame animals, and all the small crawling animals to produce more of their own kind. God saw that this was good, both pleasant and agreeable to the senses so He approved of it.
  2. Then God said, "Let Us make human beings in our image and likeness. And let them rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the animals, over all the land, and over all the small crawling animals on the land." Genesis 1:25-26
  1. God looked at everything he had made, and it was very good, it was pleasant and agreeable to the senses so He approved it. Evening passed, and then morning. This was the sixth day. Genesis 1:31
  1. On the seventh day God finished the work that He had been doing, so on the seventh day He rested from all His work that He had done.
  2. And God blessed the seventh day and set it appart to be His own holy day, because on that day He rested from all His work He had done of creating to make the world.
  3. So, that is the story of the sky and land when they were created. Genesis 2:2-4
  1. Then the Lord God said, "It is not good for the man to be alone. I will make a suitable helper who is like him." Genesis 2:18

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 6213 means to do, to make, to fashion, or to accomplish. The idea of the word, or the emphasis is on the fashioning of the object.

When used in reference to God's actions, "Make" is used to emphasizes the reality of God's actions in our world. He really does exist and He interacts with man in a real physical way! So, God acts in the sphere of history to ensure that His sovereign purpose reigns. The acts God did in Egypt, the signs and wonders God has performed throughout history, are brought to view by this word "make" (asa).

There is a significant interchange between the words "make" and "create" in Genesis that is of great interest. They are almost used interchangeably. "Create" indicates an activity that only God can do, and "make" emphasises the fashioning of His creations. God is personally involved with making the new world and mankind.

God could have created man by just commanding man to exist. But He did not. Instead, He personally chose to make man in a more personal way. In a personal way God instituted marriage by creating Eve out of Adam's rib. In the same way, God chose to create the animals and birds out of the ground in a physical way. God is our personal God!

Many tend think the word "create" also emphasizes the absolute newness of the created object, that it came into existence at that time, having no previous existence. However, we can easily find examples, in the Book of Genesis, that does not fit with this view of a totally new creation having no previous existence. See Note: 1:1B for details.

See Note: 2:22 for details on a different word to describe the building and forming of Eve.


Note: 1:8 sky

  1. God named the atmosphere "sky". Evening passed, and then morning. This was the second day. Genesis 1:8

The atmosphere is called heaven (or sky). See NOTE 1:1c


Note: 1:14 signs

  1. Then God said, "Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate day from night. These lights will be used for signs, as tokens of God's promises; and to indicate seasons, days, and years. Genesis 1:14

The Hebrew word that is translated as signs in most Bibles, has a fuller meaning than just signs. It can mean: sign, pledge, token, memorial, omens promised by prophets as pledges of certain predicted events, as pledges of divine presence & interposition. There seems to be a spiritual aspect of the word.

So "signs" is expanded in this translation to read "signs, as tokens of God's promises"


Note: 1:16 stars

  1. Then God made two big lights. He made the brighter light to rule the day and He made the smaller light to rule the night and the stars. Genesis 1:16

Almost all the translations that I have found say something like: "He made the stars also". However the original text only say:

16 Then God made two big lights. He made the brighter light to rule the day and He made the smaller light to rule the night; and the stars.

That He made the stars at this time is added to the text of all these translations. "And the stars" can fit into the sentence two ways.

One way is to say: 16 Then God made two big lights. He made the brighter light to rule the day and He made the smaller light to rule the night; Oh, and he made the stars also.

Another way is to say: 16 Then God made two big lights. He made the brighter light to rule the day and He made the smaller light to rule the night and the stars.

Possibly another way is to say: 16 Then God made two big lights. He made the brighter light to rule the day and He made the smaller light to rule the night with the stars.

The whole point of Moses' disscussion is to talk about the two great lights that God made. To say that he made the stars also, (at this time) creates problems because it doesn't fit in with the rest of the text. However if the lesser or smaller light is to rule the night and the stars; Now the stars make sense with the rest of the sentence. The stars are not some third thing that Moses suddenly mentions, but instead, the stars is something that the small light rules over.

From all the different versions of the Bible that I own, only the Jewish TANAKH says it differently. It has the original without trying to explain which of the two are possible. This at least makes it possible that the smaller light rules over the stars.

It might be that the punctuation found in the present day Hebrew texts dictate the popular view to be correct. However, when was the punctuation added. Did those who added the punctuation, have a correct view of the text. This is a possible problem when we consider that there could be a decrease in knowledge since early man, when he was created. Moses could have known more concerning the origins of the earth and creation week from what was passed down through Abraham to his present generation.

The original text didn't even separate the words. Only a straight list of letters exists in the original. So the reader had to determine what constitutes the words and how they are used. That is until punctuation became incorporated into the text, thus adding tradition in the way the Bible is read.


Note: 1:24 1:25 1:26 2:20 3:14 tame, wild

  1. Then God said, "Let the land be filled with animals, each producing more of its own kind. Let there be tame animals and small crawling animals and wild animals, and let each produce more of its kind." And so it happened.
  2. So God made the wild animals, the tame animals, and all the small crawling animals to produce more of their own kind. God saw that this was good, both pleasant and agreeable to the senses so He approved of it.
  3. Then God said, "Let Us make human beings in our image and likeness. And let them rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the animals, over all the land, and over all the small crawling animals on the land." Genesis 1:24-26
  1. And the man gave names to all the tame animals, and to the birds of the sky, and to all the wild animals, But Adam noticed that there was no helper that was like him. Genesis 2:20
  1. Then the Lord God said to the serpent, "Because you did this, you will be more cursed than all the tame and wild beasts. You will crawl on your belly, and you will eat dirt all the days of your life. Genesis 3:14

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 929, means beast, animal, cattle. It can refer to domestic animals, usually including large cattle and sheep, or as in 1:26, it can collectively refer to animals or "God's creations".
In Hebrew, Strongs no. 776, means earth, land.
In Hebrew, Strongs no. 7704, means field, country, land, the home of wild animals.
In Hebrew, Strongs no. 2416, means living thing, animal, wild animal.

In verses 1:24 and 1:25, cattle (776) is translated as tame animals and animals of the earth (2416 776) is translated as wild animals. In verse 1:26, animals or God's creations (776) is translated as animals. In verse 2:19, animals of the field (2416 7704) is translated as animals of the field. In verses 2:20 and 3:14, cattle (776) is translated as tame animals and animals of the field (2416 7704) is translated as wild animals.

It is interesting that when Moses mentions the animals, he separates the cattle or the tame animals from the other animals of the field. Before sin there is no need for man to use cattle for any purpose. God gave them fruit, and every green erb to eat. Also, the earth is not yet cursed so there is no need to plow the ground. The original world was a very rich place. It was a very easy place to live. Only after the earth was cursed was there any need to use animals for survival.

Maybe, Moses is writing in terms that the Israelites understand.


Note: 1:28 master it in order to serve God

  1. God blessed them and said to them, "Have many children and grow in number. Fill the land and master it in order to serve God. Rule over the fish in the sea and over the birds in the sky and over every living thing that moves on the land." Genesis 1:28

It is thought by many that by doing a word usage study of the word "subdue" (or to master it) they can understand what is meant by that word in Genesis 1:28. "Subdue" usually means to subdue, bring into bondage, keep under, force, attack, assault. Literally it means to rape the earth or to conquest which refers to forced servitude. Therefore many think that "subdue" in Genesis 1:28 implies that creation never has done man's bidding gladly or easily, even from the the time that man was created. They think that God Himself was telling Adam that he must bring creation into submission by brute strength for his own selfish reasons. Creation is not to rule man. (TWotOT)

However, they ignore the fact that this statement in Genesis 1:28 was made in a world free from sin. The animals originally had no fear of man, nor did Adam and Eve fear the animals. There is no evidence within Holy Scripture that Adam and Eve had to subdue anything through violence before sin entered the world.

When Satan tempted Eve, He said: for God knows that as soon as you eat the fruit from this tree, your eyes will be opened and you will be like God who knows good from evil!" Genesis 3:5. God later says the same thing in Genesis 3:22. . . . "Now that the man has become like one of us; who knows both good and evil. . . So, we can see that Adam and Eve did not know evil before they sinned. When they suddenly saw that they were naked, they tried to put leaves together as something to cover themselves, but they did not even think of killing an animal. God Himself had to kill an animal for them, make the garment, and dress them. God showed how they were going to have to survive from that time on.

  1. And the Lord God made garments of [animal] skins for Adam and his wife, and dressed them. Genesis 3:21.

Up to this time, Adam and eve only ate fruit and seeds. There was no reason why the animals would fear Adam and Eve. In addition there was no violence on the earth. Later, we see that God chose to destroy the Earth with a global flood because the world was filled with sin and violence:

  1. Now God saw that the people of the land were corrupt and did what was evil, and violence was everywhere.
  2. So when God saw how corrupt the land had become; for everyone on the land was degenerate, perverted, and vicious;
  3. He said to Noah, "I have decided to put an end to all Mankind, for the land is filled with lawlessness because of them. So I will destroy them with the land. Genesis 6:11-13.

Being vicious and violent is the result of sin being in the world. Here we see that because of the violence, God was going to destroy them.

So, there was no reason why the animals would fear Adam and Eve at the beginning. Before sin entered the world there was no violence. Adam and Eve did not have to subdue or attack nature in violence at all.

The Earth was not cursed at that early time when God told Adam to master the earth! The ground was cursed only after Adam and Eve had sinned. Genesis 3 describes what happened and verses 17-19 show how God specifically cursed the ground for man's benefit:

  1. Then God said to the man, "because you have listened to your wife and ate from the tree that I commanded you not to eat, The ground is cursed because of you, and all the days of your life you will have to work hard with heavy exertion so that you can eat.
  2. The ground will produce thorns and weeds for you, so you will have to eat the wild plants of the field.
  3. By the sweat of your brow, you will eat bread until you return to the ground. For out of the ground, you were taken. For dust you are, and to dust you will return." Genesis 3:17-19.

It was only after sin entered the world that the earth became a wild place. The ground started to grow weeds and thorns instead of what man wanted to grow. It is then and only then that man had to work long hours in the day with heavy exertion; and only by the sweat of man's brow, would he be able to eat bread until he dies and returns to the ground.

Now, something really significant occurred after the flood! We see that God for the first time allows man to kill so that he can eat meat. In addition, God caused a fear of man to be place on animals:

  1. God blessed Noah and his sons, and said to them, "have many children and multiply, fill the land.
  2. Every animal on land, every bird in the sky, every animal that crawls on the ground, and every fish in the sea will fear you with terror and dread, they are given into your hands.
  3. Every creature that moves and is alive will be yours to eat; I now give you all these in the same way that I previously gave you green vegetables and plants.

In today's world, fear is a part of life. Birds, fish, and animals all run from us, and with good reason. Man is violent and many enjoy being cruel to animals.

Adam and Eve did not eat animals and they did not have to work long hours to till the ground. There was absolutely no reason why the animals would fear Adam and Eve before the fall. Before sin entered the world there was no violence. Adam and Eve did not have to subdue or attack nature in violence at all. So, the animals were perfectly at home with Adam and Eve.

Man was originally made in a world free from sin. This was a place where the love of God was every where. All through the Bible, we see that God wants us to be like him. I cannot even imagine that God would want us to wish and do the things that Satan would want us to do! It is only after sin entered the world that the animals became fearful of man and became wild. It was only after sin entered the world that all nature changed. Plants grew thorns and thistles. Other plants became poisonous. Yes we find it to be true today, that nature does not do man's bidding gladly or easily. Today, we have to be careful how we go in the woods. Today the survival of the fittest, and violence of taking things by force, is what we expect.

So, I agree with those who see this word "subdue" as denoting a responsibility for building up Creation for the purpose of pleasing God. God would want us to be kind and to help the animals to be happy in their life; Just as God Lifts us up, He would want us to lift up the Creation that has been placed in our hands.

So I do not think that it is reasonable that a word study of "subdue" under conditions of sin would reflect what God wanted to say to man before the fall, when God wanted to teach Adam His love in person. To teach man to be loving like He Himself is in nature with what we know Jesus would have done. Mike Brown


Note: 2:5 rain

  1. there were still no plants on the land, nor had the grasses sprung up in the field. For the Lord God had not made it rain on the land, and there was no man to till the soil. Genesis 2:5

See NOTE 7:11 to read a discussion on the great deep broken open at the time of the flood. Reasons as to why it did not rain on the original earth is part of the discussion.


Note: 2:6 2:25 so, ashamed

  1. And so mist went up from the land and watered the whole face of the ground. Genesis 2:6
  1. The man and his wife were naked, but they were not embarrassed or ashamed in each other's presence. Genesis 2:25

It sounds like God just turned the sprinkler system (mist) on. First Moses says that there was no rain, so things did not grow; Then God caused a mist to cover the whole earth.

Moses simply states that there was a lack of something, for example "there was no rain" or "the earth was a shapeless desolate (empty) waste and the surface of the ocean was in darkness". Then with no preliminaries, Moses writes a simple sentence that shows how God changed things. The Spirit of God moved gently over the water. or And mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground.

When we tell a story we usually describe the problem, then we tell how we are going to fix the problem. Moses seems to do the same thing. However, he does not give us any explanation. Instead, he first states how it was. Then the very next statement tells what God did next. No explanation at all.

Here are a few examples:

  1. the land was a shapeless desolate (empty) waste and the surface of the ocean was in darkness. The Spirit of God moved gently over the water.
  2. Then God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. Genesis 1:2-3

  1. Now, when the Lord God first made the land and the sky,
  2. there were still no plants on the land, nor had the grasses sprung up in the field. For the Lord God had not made it rain on the land, and there was no man to till the soil.
  3. And so mist went up from the land and watered the whole face of the ground.
  4. Then the Lord God formed a man out of the dust of the ground and He breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and that man became a living person. Genesis 2:4-7

  1. The man and his wife were naked, but they were not embarrassed or ashamed in each other's presence.

Genesis 3

  1. Now the serpent [who is Satan,] was more clever and crafty than any living creature of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, can it really be that God has said, you must not eat from any tree of the garden.
  2. The woman replied to the serpent, "We may eat the fruit from all the other trees of the garden,
  3. but God told us, 'You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden. You must not even touch it, or you will die.'"
  4. But the serpent said to the woman, "You are not going to die,
  5. for God knows that as soon as you eat the fruit from this tree, your eyes will be opened and you will be like God who knows good from evil!"
  6. So when the woman realized that the tree was beautiful, that its fruit was good to eat, and that it would make her wise. She took some of its fruit and ate it and she also gave some of the fruit to her husband, and he ate it.
  7. Then their eyes were opened and they realized that they were naked, so they sewed fig leaves together and made loincloths to cover themselves. Genesis 2:25-3:7

Note: 2:7A man

  1. Then the Lord God formed a man out of the dust of the ground and He breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and that man became a living person. Genesis 2:7

In Hebrew, Adam means man.


Note: 2:7B person

  1. Then the Lord God formed a man out of the dust of the ground and He breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and that man became a living person. Genesis 2:7

This word often translated Being really means soul. It = that which breathes, the breathing substance or being or even a person or animal. In the sentence one should notice that man became a living soul. He became a living breathing person. It does not say that the man or body was given a living soul. Two things contributed to the living breathing person or soul. 1. dust of the earth. 2. breath of life. When the dust of the earth and the breath of life came together, Adam became a living person.


Note: 2:12 gum resin {Bdellium}

  1. The gold of that land is good. Gum resin and onyx stone are also found there. Genesis 2:12

One source says that Bdellium is a sweet-smelling gum resin like myrrh. It is an odoriferous yellowish transparent gum. It has a similar color as manna Numbers 11:7. However, another source suggests that Bdellium might be pearl.


Note: 2:22 to build

  1. The Lord God then used the rib from the man and built and formed it into a woman, and then he brought her to the man. Genesis 2:22

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 1129 means to build, to build up, to rebuild, to make. God is fashioning the rib into a woman.

God is pictured as the master builder. In addition to Gen 2:22, God is poetically pictured as building the universe (Amos 9:6 and Ps 104:2-3).

This word, "to build" is usually associated with the building of houses, cities, towers, altars, etc. To build, can even be used idiomatically to bring about an increase in offspring (Gen 16:2)


Note: 2:23 'woman'

  1. And the man said: "finally, this is someone whose bones came from my bones, whose body came from my body. I will call her 'woman', because she was taken out of man," Genesis 2:23

This verse communicates a close and intimate relationship that Adam could not find apart from one who shared his own station and nature; indeed, his own life. It reflects God's desire to provide man with a companion who would be his intellectual and physical counterpart. The permanency intended in the relationship is expressed in the assertion that man should leave his parents and cleave to his wife. (TWotOT)

The relationship of husband to wife is used as a metaphor of God's relationship to his people. This relationship is the basis of assurance for the people of God in the book of Hosea where the marriage relationship forms a central motif (see Hos 2:16).


Note: 3:1A serpent

  1. Now the serpent [who is Satan,] was more clever and crafty than any living creature of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, can it really be that God has said, you must not eat from any tree of the garden. Genesis 3:1

Serpent is used rather than snake, to denote that this snake is different from all the other snakes. Serpent actually is the most common word for snake in the original hebrew. Opinions differ as to whether this was a satan-inspired snake or a name for satan himself.

While many Bible translations read that the serpent was the most cunning of the creatures that God had made, a literal translation reads that this serpent was more clever than any creature of the field that God had made. So the text itself seems to indicate that this serpent, whether he looked like a talking snake or whether Satan revealed himself, was different from all the created creatures of the field. This was the crafty tempter, the ungodly oppressor!

Since the text suggest that the serpent is more clever than any creature, it is clear that Satan is being suggested. So [who is Satan] was added to the text to let you know that Satan is being suggested in the text itself.

See NOTE 3:1B to know who Satan is and what He has done.


Note: 3:1B Satan

  1. Now the serpent [who is Satan,] was more clever and crafty than any living creature of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, can it really be that God has said, you must not eat from any tree of the garden. Genesis 3:1

See NOTE 3:1A to know that Satan is the serpent.

Who is Satan? Why is he on the earth to tempt Eve? What does he have to gain? Let's look at what Scriptures say about his actions.

  1. And war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought,
  2. but they did not prevail, nor was a place found for them in heaven any longer.
  3. So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him. Revelation 12:7-9 New King James Version

We see that Satan and his angels had a war in Heaven and they lost. So they were kicked out of Heaven. For some reason, God did not destroy them at that time and they were allowed to drag us into their war. As we read more scripture, we will realize why God did not distroy them at that time. We will need to look for the clues as they come in the Bible.

We often think of Heaven as being an angelic place where nothing bad ever happens, a place where everyone is happy. Yet, here we see that there was a war, an intergalactic war that actually starts in Heaven!

Heaven must have been an extremely unhappy place for war to start. And in the next Bible text we will see that this unhappiness has spread to the earth as Satan and his angels were forced to retreat.

  1. You were the anointed cherub who covers; I established you; You were on the holy mountain of God; You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones.
  2. You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, Till iniquity was found in you.
  3. By the abundance of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing Out of the mountain of God; I (will destroy) thee, O covering cherub, From the midst of the fiery stones. Ezekiel 28:14-16 NKJV (will destroy) KJV

It is clear that Satan was originally one of the highest angels in Heaven. He was the anointed cherub that covers . . . Did his wings or whatever cover the throne of God. I do not know, but it looks like Satan originally had a very high position standing in the very presence of God!

What makes this war so very ominous is that it started so close to the throne of God? Lucifer's position in Heaven as the covering cherub allowed him to be on the holy mountain of God, midst the fiery stones where God is. How could that happen? how could War start with Lucifer being so close to God? What could have caused Lucifer to rebel against God Himself!

Verse 15 (above), says that Lucifer was originally perfect until iniquity was found in him. This must have been the time when the unhappiness started in heaven. We know that other angels followed Lucifer in his activities since they also were kicked out of heaven. So we can understand that Lucifer's unhappiness spread to others in Heaven. Lucifer and his followers must have been very unhappy. What could they have been talking about? Let's see if the answer can be found in the Bible.

  1. How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations!
  2. For you have said in your heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation On the farthest sides of the north;
  3. I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will be like the Most High.
  4. Yet you shall be brought down to Sheol (hell), To the lowest depths of the Pit. Isaiah 14:12-15 NKJV

Now we can see why they were not happy under God's rule. Lucifer, who is now called Satan, the great dragon, is the one who wanted to take over God's throne in Heaven. Lucifer wanted to be like God. We can see that they were very unhappy. This is why there was war in Heaven. They actually attacked God. This is an amazing thing when we consider that neither Satan nor his wicked angels are able to create nor are they able to fight on an equal par against God. So the war must be on an issue that does not involve the power of God.

See NOTE 3:4 to see what Satan has to offer his followers.


Note: 3:4 You are not going to die

  1. But the serpent said to the woman, "You are not going to die, Genesis 3:4

Satan speaks very confidently to Eve that Eve will not die. We can also see that Eve believes Satan as well. Yet, when we look into scripture, we can see that Satan can offer nothing of lasting value. He himself, will be distroyed in the lake of fire with all those who follow him. In the following commentary, it will be seen that Satan and the wicked angels know this very well.

From the Bible, we know that Satan rebelled against God (See NOTE 3:1B to know who Satan is and what He has done). This is an amazing thing when we consider that neither Satan nor his wicked angels are able to create nor are they able to fight on an equal par against God. This is reflected in the text below.

  1. But the LORD is the true God; He is the living God and the everlasting King. At His wrath the earth will tremble, And the nations will not be able to endure His indignation.
  2. Thus you shall say to them: "The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth shall perish from the earth and from under these heavens."
  3. He has made the earth by His power, He has established the world by His wisdom, And has stretched out the heavens at His discretion. Jeremiah 10:10-12 New King James Version .

It should be clear that these gods are really Satan and his evil angels, and that they have not made anything nor can they make anthing. They will not be allowed to continue to live. They will be destroyed and they will have an end.

God alone will rule. Of the two opposing sides in the intergalactic war; Only God will rule because He is the Creator, this power is what separates the two sides.

Satan has never had the same power, and it is clear from the Scriptural texts below that the evil angels literally shook with fright when they confronted Christ while He was on the Earth.

  1. Now in the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon. And he cried out with a loud voice,
  2. saying, "Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Did You come to destroy us? I know who You are--the Holy One of God!"
  3. But Jesus rebuked him, saying, "Be quiet, and come out of him!" And when the demon had thrown him in their midst, it came out of him and did not hurt him. Luke 4:33-35

This kind of conflict didn't happen once, here is an other example of demons speaking out against Jesus:

  1. When He had come to the other side, to the country of the Gergesenes, there met Him two demon-possessed men, coming out of the tombs, exceedingly fierce, so that no one could pass that way.
  2. And suddenly they cried out, saying, "What have we to do with You, Jesus, You Son of God? Have You come here to torment us before the time?" Matthew 8:28-29

This time the demon cried out saying: you came too soon. It's not time yet. "Have You come here to torment us Before the time?" The apostle James, in the Bible text below, said it well when he said the devils tremble!

  1. Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble. James 2:19.

So what is it that Satan and his opposing group of evil angels were trying to do? How did they think they could win against God? See NOTE 3:5a


Note: 3:5A as soon as you eat the fruit from this tree

  1. for God knows that as soon as you eat the fruit from this tree, your eyes will be opened and you will be like God who knows good from evil!" Genesis 3:5

See NOTE 3:4 to see what Satan has to offer his followers.

How does Satan gain the advantage when he gets Eve to sin against God? Satan wants Eve to eat the fruit so Satan can win some how. So, what does Satan get out of Eve's sin?

Our first clue comes from the book of Job. Not only are we told what happens to Job, but we also get to understand what is happening behind the scenes. Also understand that the story of Job is extremely important to the question of why God permits suffering.

As depicted in the book of Job, there is a meeting in Heaven. It must be in heaven because there is no record of God having regular meetings with the sons of God on Earth. In addition we find that Satan is also present and apparently he should not be there. At least it sounds like he is uninvited. Even God asks why he has come.

  1. Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan also came among them.
  2. And the LORD said to Satan, "From where do you come?" So Satan answered the LORD and said, "From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it." Job 1:6-7 NKJV

We most likely are looking at a meeting of extraterrestrials. Each member at the meeting is a representative of their own world. We can know that this is a meeting of representatives because of how Satan says he has a right to be there. We will see that Satan is saying that he is the representative of Earth! So what we have here is a system of government for the Universe that God Himself oversees.

Apparently this was an important event. In this meeting the sons of God are presenting themselves before the Lord. It seems that all who were there, except one, had a right to be there. At least we don't have any record of God questioning their presence. The whole point of this part of the story is that Satan was not invited. When God asked Satan why he was there, he essentially answered: from walking around on the Earth.

Is Satan claiming ownership? I think so. Remember, this intergalactic war is over the question of ownership of the throne of Heaven. Satan wants the throne. Apparently, Satan is starting a legal process that he thinks will allow him to take over one planet, the Earth.

In the meeting, Satan seems to conclude that he either owns or he rules our world. He is actually claiming rulership of the Earth in that meeting! That is why I think he went to the meeting. He sees himself as the leader of the whole planet Earth. This meeting most likely is a meeting of the leaders of the Universe with God; So Satan felt he had a right to be there.

We can determine this point of rulership further from the following discussion:

  1. Then the LORD said to Satan, Have you considered My servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, one who fears God and shuns evil?
  2. So Satan answered the LORD and said, Does Job fear God for nothing?
  3. Have You not made a hedge around him, around his household, and around all that he has on every side? You have blessed the work of his hands, and his possessions have increased in the land.
  4. But now, stretch out Your hand and touch all that he has, and he will surely curse You to Your face!
  5. And the LORD said to Satan, Behold, all that he has is in your power; only do not lay a hand on his person. So Satan went out from the presence of the LORD. Job 1:8-12.

Because of the fact that God answers Satan, we should understand that what they were talking about was extremely important! Why didn't God just throw Satan out? God already threw Satan out of Heaven once before. God could have thrown Satan out again, but He didn't. He definitely has the power to do so. But instead, God just questioned Satan verbally and challanged his stated position.

We should realize that the manner in which God answered Satan is important as well. They were not talking by themselves, there was an audience surrounding them. All the representatives of the Universe were there personally witnessing what was happening.

Remember, we most likely are looking at a meeting of extraterrestrials. Each member at the meeting is a representative of their own world. A system of government for the Universe that God Himself oversees.

Since Satan himself has rebelled against God, we can see that the rebellion was trying to enter into the system of government of God's Universe! If it was a matter of power, God could have destroyed Satan right there, or He could have just thrown him out. But God did not. Instead, God entered into dialog with him.

Let's talk about the dialog itself. If this discussion wasn't concerning ownership or rulership of the Earth; then, why does God answer Satan's statement of walking over the face of the Earth, with: "Have you considered my servant Job. . ."?

In this discussion, Satan apparently says he has control of the Earth. So God begins questioning Satan's claim by pointing his attention to Job, whom Satan is not able to control. God emphasizes the fact that Job is upright, just, and he fears God.

I can imagine that Satan here begins to squirm as he essentially says: Well of course Job likes you. You give him everything he wants, why wouldn't he obey You? So God tells him: OK, I'll let you try. We'll see who really is in control, but you can't touch his body to make him sick.

If you read the book of Job, you will see that Job does not know a thing about this discussion. He is clearly having a hard time with the reality of his bad fortune. In addition he is forced to consider, from an earthly point of view, why all sorts of bad things are happening to him. Satan seems to be controlling all Job's personal friends as well.

This story is very interesting. Apparently Satan's ownership of the Earth depends upon everyone being subject to Satan's leading. As long as Job was a decided follower of God, Satan could not claim the Earth. We actually do not know if Job was the only follower of God, but at least he was the one that God chose to mention.

Does this war Between God and Satan depend upon the allegiance of people? It would seem so, the whole story in the book of Job is dependent on the idea that things will be decided, on what one person does on earth. If Job continues to follow God then God has the advantage, on the other hand, if Job listened to his wife and friends and cursed God, then Satan would have had the advantage. That is if he was the only righteous person on the world.

Something really terrible and awful must have happened in Heaven when Satan rebelled. To have a third of all the angels of Heaven take off to side with Satan, against God in a war. Remember this rebellion happened in Heaven! How could this happen? To have the angels who live in Heaven, in the very presence of God, to rebel against God himself!

What did Satan do to the angels to have them rebel against God? What did he say to them that would make them fight against God Himself?

We know that God is all powerful, that He created all things. So why would they decide to enter a war that could not be won by power? They must have known something about God perhaps. It is quite possible that they knew enough about God that they were confident that God would play fair. God would keep to the rules of the Universe that He has created. So they knew that this war must be over opinions rather than power. All the worlds of the Universe might have to decide who is right in this war.

It is also possible, that because Satan is the source of evil in the Universe, that he and his new followers just became so selfish that they lost all sense of reason when they started demanding things of God. They knew that God would play by the rules even when they broke the rules. They probably thought they could take advantage of God.

Let's continue the story of Job to see how it ends out.

A second meeting of the sons of God with God is described in Job chapter two. Again the same issues are brought up but with slightly different specifics in the arguments. Satan failed the first time around to change Job's allegiance from God to himself. So this time he is calling fowl. He still claims the Earth as his and he wants even more power in trying to force Job to obey him. Read the account and see what happens.

  1. Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.
  2. And the LORD said to Satan, From where do you come? So Satan answered the LORD and said, From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking back and forth on it.
  3. Then the LORD said to Satan, Have you considered My servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, one who fears God and shuns evil? And still he holds fast to his integrity, although you incited Me against him, to destroy him without cause.
  4. So Satan answered the LORD and said, Skin for skin! Yes, all that a man has he will give for his life.
  5. But stretch out Your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will surely curse You to Your face!
  6. And the LORD said to Satan, Behold, he is in your hand, but spare his life.
  7. So Satan went out from the presence of the LORD, and struck Job with painful boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head. Job 2:1-7.

We can see from the actual text that Satan still claims the Earth. It seems that Satan believes that if all people were under his control then the Earth would rightfully belong to him! There also seems to be some truth to Satan's claim since God counters Satan on the very level that Satan is thinking on.

It seems that these meetings are a regular event and here, God counters Satan's claim by pointing to Job which Satan was unable to control. God adds to what He said before by stating: he still holds to his integrity. Also very interesting to note, we see that God takes the blame! He doesn't say that Satan is moving to destroy Job but He says that you have moved me against him, to destroy him.

Let's look at another clue to this war. See the disscussion, NOTE 3:5B, of what Satan originally did to start claiming the earth as his.


Note: 3:5B You will be like God

  1. for God knows that as soon as you eat the fruit from this tree, your eyes will be opened and you will be like God who knows good from evil!" Genesis 3:5

See NOTE 3:5A to see what Satan has to offer his followers.

We see that Eve was exploring the garden that God had given them when she approached the forbidden tree. As she was wondering why God did not want them to eat from that tree, Satan went in for the attack:

  1. Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said to the woman, "Has God indeed said, You shall not eat of every tree of the garden?"
  2. And the woman said to the serpent, "We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden;
  3. "but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die."
  4. Then the serpent said to the woman, "You will not surely die.
  5. "For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil."
  6. So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. Genesis 3:1-6 NKJV

When Satan came to our world with two people on it, some how he had to win their allegiance to him. This is according to what we found out from Job's experience. He had to become their leader in order to take over the world. As we can see in the third chapter of Genesis, Satan used deception to not only place doubt in the mind of Eve about God, but he was really saying that God is not fair. Satan played on her emotions to get her to want to become like God herself.

It is amazing what Satan had done. In just a few words, he was able to give Eve a whole new series of ideas.

  1. God could be lying.
  2. God could be holding back on her.
  3. Eve wanted more than what she has, she wanted to become like God.

Now, her thoughts were directed to the idea that God is not being fair to her. God is lying while He holds back what should rightfully be hers. While she thinks these thoughts, desire now becomes the major motive that forces her to eat the forbidden fruit.

Earlier, see NOTE 3:1B, we saw that Satan himself wanted to become like God. Now we see that he is tempting Eve with the very same thought in mind. This is very interesting, we now see that Satan tempted Eve using the same thirst for power, the same desire to become like God, that Satan himself felt. Satan literally gave the same sins that he had, to Eve. The same desires he had for power, he gave to Eve.

It stands to reason, that Satan used the same strategy in Heaven as he later used on earth with Eve. He some how made the angels unsatisfied with their positions in Heaven. Maybe Satan's followers became jealous of God. Satan must have told them that God was holding back on them, and that they should have more power.

The same wicked desires that Satan has, he gave to his angels, to take over God's throne and have the power for themselves. That is why these angels are today evil. They have the same desires as Satan and they work along with him in destroying the human race. They will do anything to get their own wishes and takeover God's Throne.

By looking at the history of our world, it is obvious that Satan and his evil angels have been trying to convert the world to their side so they can claim the world as their own, see NOTE 3:5a. In fact they have almost always had the majority siding with them. Only a minority has ever followed God. However, there has always been at least one person who was true to God. There was always a Noah, Abraham, or Joseph, or even a Job to give God the advantage.


Note: 3:6A when the woman realized

  1. So when the woman realized that the tree was beautiful, that its fruit was good to eat, and that it would make her wise. She took some of its fruit and ate it and she also gave some of the fruit to her husband, and he ate it. Genesis 3:6

Eve, as she is realizing that Satan is correct, she is now passing her allegience from God to Satan. One third of all the angels had already decided to follow Satan, now Eve is doing the same thing.

The issues Satan is raising, are appariently powerful arguments. If Satan was able to win a third of all the angels in Heaven, and now the newly created Eve, what sort of questions might the people on the other worlds have?

Do the people in the other worlds know anything about the war at all? It seems that they do. In the meetings depicted in the first two chapters of Job, see NOTE 3:5a, we saw that everything was done out in the open. Both Satan and God spoke in front of all the other representatives from the other planets of the Universe. Everything that happened occurred in front of everyone!

God actually listens to Satan and answers his charges rather than throwing him out. When Satan says that Job will curse God to his face. God says, OK, why don't you try and see what Job will do. When Satan comes back after having failed the first time, he is still combative saying that if he can make Job really hurt with pain and sickness, Job will then curse God. God answers Satan by allowing him to try again, and harder than he was allowed the first time with physical pain.

It seems that God is allowing Satan's accusations to be tried out in front of the whole universe. He is not allowing his question to be unanswered. Which makes sense when we consider that all the representatives are listening.

At the same time, Satan is having to act out his intensions before the whole universe as well. How far is Satan willing to go in destroying those around him so he can acquire ownership of a world? What kind of government would Satan have? Is Satan really offering a better idea than God?

So maybe the other worlds are watching the events of this war and they do have questions about what is going on in the rebellion. The whole universe has had to graple with the idea that there is a rebellion that started in the very place where God is. How could that be? In addition, Satan, as can be understood in the book of Job, met with God in an open way that is most likely designed to create the most questions in the minds of the Leaders of the Universe.

In the Bible we have seen some of the evidence that the war is about people's opinion, see NOTE 3:5a. On the earth, it seems that it concerns people's allegiance. Who will we serve, Jesus or Satan. In Heaven, where a third of the angels chose Satan, it looks like the same issues were important. What about the rest of the Universe? What are the issues that they are looking at in this rebellion?

Why does he really want to take over the throne. Is it because God is really a tyrant and that Satan is trying to protect us by showing us a better way of living; or is it that Satan is really selfish and he only wants the power of the throne for himself?

In addition, God and Satan seem to following a set of rules. The battle is probably a legal battle.

If this intergalactic war is not really taking place, then is this thing of having Satan tempt us and God letting it happen all a game? What is really happening in the stories we read in the Bible? Is there an actual battle for the ownership of the Earth that is occurring behind the scenes to explain what is happening? Or, do we have God and Satan playing games with the human race in the middle? It will take a knowledge of the entire Bible to answer what is really happening.

When Satan has gone over the line, when he goes too far and tries to take the throne (as indicated in Daniel), then it will be time for Jesus to come down and to take us to live with Him. He will at that time end the misery that continues to presently plaque our world. Death, destruction, and suffering will come to an end at last!


Note: 3:6BCD She took, ate it, he ate it

  1. So when the woman realized that the tree was beautiful, that its fruit was good to eat, and that it would make her wise. She took some of its fruit and ate it and she also gave some of the fruit to her husband, and he ate it. Genesis 3:6

At this point both Adam and Eve physically sinned. They are hoplessly lost and facing total destruction; Except, that Jesus has stepped in to reclaim the world.

Initially, when Adam and Eve were created, they had ownership of the world. God gave them the world and all the animals to Adam. See what God said when He first made them:

King James Version The Brown Bible
26.  And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth. 26.  Then God said, "Let Us make human beings in our image and likeness. And let them rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the animals, over all the land, and over all the small crawling animals on the land."
27.  So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. 27.  So God created human beings in His image. In the image of God He created him. He created them male and female.
28.  And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. 28.  God blessed them and said to them, "Have many children and grow in number. Fill the land and master it in order to serve God. Rule over the fish in the sea and over the birds in the sky and over every living thing that moves on the land."
29.  And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat. 29.  God said, "See, I have given you all the tender plants that are seed-bearing which are found over the whole land, and all the trees with sead-bearing fruit. They will be food for you to eat.
30.  And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so. 30.  I have given every green plant for food to every living thing, every bird that flies in the air, and every animal that walks on the ground." And so it happened.

So, at this point both Adam and Eve have physically sinned. They have lost ownership of the world. Adam would have forever been the head of our world but now he has lost his position and his possession as ruler of the earth, and Satan now rules.

When Jesus was on this earth, the first time, He Himself said that Satan was the ruler of this ruler.

  1. Jesus answered and said, "This voice did not come because of Me, but for your sake.
  2. "Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out.
  3. "And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all peoples to Myself."
  4. This He said, signifying by what death He would die. John 12:30-33

Also, in the Lord's prayer, Jesus says:

  1. "In this manner, therefore, pray: Our Father in heaven, Hallowed be Your name.
  2. Your kingdom come. Your will be done On earth as it is in heaven. Matthew 6:9-10

We are still praying for God's will to occur on earth as it is in Heaven. We are praying this because His will is still not yet happening fully. Jesus has not yet taken authority. Yes, that is right. Satan is still the ruler of this world. Death and destruction are still occurring. Jesus still has not taken our world away from Satan. We know that is true because we are still here!

There were other times when Jesus talked about Satan, who is now the ruler of the earth.

  1. Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out. John 12:31
  1. I will no longer talk much with you, for the ruler of this world is coming, and he has nothing in Me. John 14: 30
  1. of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged. John 16: 11

Adam and Eve are hopelessly lost and facing total destruction. Except that Jesus has stepped in to reclaim both them and the world but as we look in the Bible we can see that it will take some time for Jesus to reclaim the ownership from Satan.

  1. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? Matthew 22:44

Jesus has had to wait until God the Father makes His enemies his footstool.

In Revelation, starting with chapter 4 we see that there is a court session in Heaven. Daniel refers to this same session in Daniel 7:9-10. This occurs at the time of the end. In Revelation we see that there are two witnesses who are here on earth for 3-1/2 years until Satan himself kills them. This is the only time that we know of that Satan actually kills someone himself, personally. In Bible times, it took two people to convict someone. Is this needed for the court proceedings? It might be.

Also, in Daniel 11 & 12 we have Satan sitting down in Jerusalem as God (The Abomination of Desolation), sitting where he should not sit. This action seems to be "the straw that breaks the camel's back". When Satan sits down, Michael stands up (Daniel 12) and the battle of Armageddon occurs. Satan is not only saying he is the ruler of this world, he is saying he is God!

God attacks Satan and his angels and the end of the world comes as Jesus comes to receive His own. Satan has to overstep his authority before God stands up to take away his dominion. So there seems to be a legal battle that is occurring between Jesus and Satan. But one day the court will be in session and Satan's dominion will be taken away from him.

  1. But the court shall be seated, And they shall take away his dominion, To consume and destroy it forever. Daniel 7:26.

Issues that will eventually be brought up in court so that Satan can be thrown out, have not even occurred yet. Today, Jesus has not yet taken His authority over the earth. It is only much later in the future when Satan tries to sit down as God (The Abomination of Desolation) that God stands up and the end of all things comes to be.

The time that Jesus will rule the earth (the kingdoms of this world) will not occur until the Seventh Trumpet sounds.

  1. And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.
  2. And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God,
  3. Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned.
  4. And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth. Revelation 11:15-18

It will not be until the Seventh Trumpet sounds that the Kingdom of God will also include the kingdoms of this world, in other words, the earth. At that time, Jesus will reign for ever and ever and all the angels of heaven will rejoice because Jesus has taken His great power and has finally began to reign.

So, it is when the seventh trumpet sounds that Jesus will take back the Earth from Satan which Adam and Eve lost so long ago.

It will be at that time that Jesus will come a second time to set things right.


Note: 3:13A snake

  1. Then the Lord God said to the woman, "What is this you have done?" She answered, "The snake tricked me, so I ate the fruit." Genesis 3:13

See NOTE 3:1a to understand the identity of the snake.

See NOTE 3:1b to know who Satan is and what he has done.


Note: 3:13B tricked

  1. Then the Lord God said to the woman, "What is this you have done?" She answered, "The snake tricked me, so I ate the fruit." Genesis 3:13

The Hebrew for "tricked" can mean: beguile, deceive, lead astray, seduce, mislead, flatter, entice, lie, deal falsely, outwitted, cheated, stealing away hearts or persons.


Note: 3:15A He will crush your head

  1. I will put a personal hatred between you and the woman, and between your descendants and her descendants. He will crush your head, and you will bite His heel. Genesis 3:15

Satan will try to take over the world and endeavor to force all the inhabitants of the world to follow him, and he will do his best to kill anyone that goes against his plans. However, as indicated in Scripture: Satan will come to his end. He will be destroyed.

Red indicates what Satan will do to God's people. Green indicates what Satan will do to blaspheme God and try to take God's throne. Purple indicates what the wicked will do to serve Satan. Blue indicates what God's people, the righteous will do to serve God. Orange indicates what God does to judge Satan and to give the saints the kingdom.

  1. He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the Most High, And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a time.
  2. But the court shall be seated, And they shall take away his dominion, To consume and destroy it forever.
  1. until the Ancient of Days came, and a judgment was made in favor of the saints of the Most High, and the time came for the saints to possess the kingdom. Daniel 7:25-26, 22 NKJV

When Satan tries to Sit on the Throne and Rule the Earth, God then will Stand Up and End the War!

We can see the same process but with more detail in Daniel 11. Satan will see that he can not turn the righteous toward serving him. So, in desperation, he will try to sit on the throne anyway despite the fact that he has no right to do so. It is at that time that God will stop him in his tracts because he will have gone too far. Look at the following texts:

  1. And forces shall be mustered by him, and they shall defile the sanctuary fortress; then they shall take away the daily sacrifices, and place there the abomination of desolation.
  2. Those who do wickedly against the covenant he shall corrupt with flattery; but the people who know their God shall be strong, and carry out great exploits.
  3. And those of the people who understand shall instruct many; yet for many days they shall fall by sword and flame, by captivity and plundering.
  1. Then the king shall do according to his own will: he shall exalt and magnify himself above every god, shall speak blasphemies against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the wrath has been accomplished; for what has been determined shall be done.
  1. And he shall plant the tents of his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and no one will help him.
  1. At that time Michael shall stand up, The great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people; And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book. Daniel 11:31-33,36,45;12:1.

Wow! In the verses above, we actually see that Satan will defile the sanctuary fortress, take away the daily, and place there the abomination of desolation. He will put his palace on the glorious holy mountain of God for the purpose of declaring himself as king.

When Satan places the abomination of desolation (planting his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain) he is saying: I rule the earth! In this action that Satan does, he over steps his bounds. He has gone too far. He does not rule the earth because he has not been able to get all to worship him. Nor was he able to make Jesus sin when He was on this earth.

It is then that Michael (Jesus) stands up and Satan will come to his end! A time of trouble will occur at this time that will be unequaled in history and God's people will be delivered. Everyone who is found written in the book of life will be delivered!

Many think that everything has been done at the Cross, when Jesus died. However, here in Daniel, we find that it is when Satan sits down as the ruler on Earth, this is when God begins to act! God brings an end to Satan and his war against God and God's people. Satan has gone too far in fighting God and He will bring Satan to an end.

In the Book of Job, we saw that Job was tested for a time, however when it was all over, God rewarded him. God set things right.

In the last days, we will find that God's people will also be tested for a time, but when Satan steps over the line and sits down as God, then all evil will be brought to an end. It is at that time that the signs of God's wrath will be given unmixed with mercy. The plaques will be poured on the earth and God's people will be delivered.

Jesus, when He was on earth, mentioned this time as well:

  1. Therefore when you see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (whoever reads, let him understand),
  2. then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
  3. Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take anything out of his house.
  4. And let him who is in the field not go back to get his clothes.
  5. But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days!
  6. And pray that your flight may not be in winter or on the Sabbath.
  7. For then there will be great tribulation, such as has not been since the beginning of the world until this time, no, nor ever shall be.
  8. And unless those days were shortened, no flesh would be saved; but for the elect's sake those days will be shortened. Matthew 24:15-22.

Jesus says that when you see the abomination of desolation, when you see Satan standing in the holy place, where he should not be, then you better flee somewhere! Apparently it is going to be so bad, that if this period was not shortened, no one on earth would be able to live through it.

In the past, we have had nuclear bombs landing on a few cities and we have had wide spread wars. Who knows what might happen at this time of the end. Satan has lost the battle to get everyone to worship him, so now he is going to be desperately trying to take his rulership position by force. Since he is fighting against the Creator of all things he cannot win. Maybe much of Satan's actions is really due to revenge.

At this time Psalms 91 will be a very good source of comfort to God's people since they know that God will protect His people in this time.


Note: 3:15B you will bite His heel

  1. I will put a personal hatred between you and the woman, and between your descendants and her descendants. He will crush your head, and you will bite His heel. Genesis 3:15

Satan was intramental in having Jesus Christ put to death when He was on earth. Rather than being the end of Jesus, it signaled the beginning of the end of Satan. Christ's death is also the means whereby he will save the righteous. Satan has never gotten the best of Jesus or God.

Another plan of attack that Satan has, is to force all people to worship him. If he can force all to follow him instead of God, then he has won! However, If there is even a small minority, even one left who chooses to follow God then Satan has lost!

Satan must have the allegiance of all the people on the earth for him to rule it; And we can see in Daniel and Revelation that he will kill anyone who does not choose him as their leader. Satan will do anything to get to his goal.

There is a time, at the end of this world's history, when Satan will pull all the stops in a desperate effort to have a whole world worship him instead of God. Jesus calls this time the time of sorrows. At this time, the end of the world, Satan will either win and have a world, or he will loose everything including life.

Let's look at some prophecies to see what Satan will do to try to stand on the throne of God. I have color coded the following texts to indicate various activities: Red indicates what Satan will do to God's people. Green indicates what Satan will do to blaspheme God and try to take God's throne. Orange indicates what God does to judge Satan and to give the saints the kingdom.

  1. After this I saw in the night visions, and behold, a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, exceedingly strong. It had huge iron teeth; it was devouring, breaking in pieces, and trampling the residue with its feet. It was different from all the beasts that were before it, and it had ten horns.
  2. I was considering the horns, and there was another horn, a little one, coming up among them, before whom three of the first horns were plucked out by the roots. And there, in this horn, were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking pompous words.
  1. I was watching; and the same horn was making war against the saints, and prevailing against them,
  1. He shall speak pompous words against the Most High, Shall persecute the saints of the Most High, And shall intend to change times and law. Then the saints shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a time.
  2. But the court shall be seated, And they shall take away his dominion, To consume and destroy it forever.
  1. until the Ancient of Days came, and a judgment was made in favor of the saints of the Most High, and the time came for the saints to possess the kingdom. Daniel 7:7-8, 21, 25-26, 22 NKJV

We start in the 7th verse of Daniel 7 by seeing that Satan is breaking in pieces and trampling the residue with its feet. The residue is really God's people. He is killing the remnant of God's people. Satan is allowed to prevail over God's people for a time, times, and part of a time. All this happens until Judgement occurs in Heaven and Satan is stopped.

This action of killing God's people, is confirmation that Satan does indeed have to have the vote of everyone living on the Earth for him to take the throne. We can see that the results of this intergalactic war is indeed dependent upon opinion.

Satan has started to eliminate the people who would stand in his way of being the king and leader of this world. Remember, Satan has to have as followers, everyone on earth who is alive. If Satan cannot trick the righteous into following him, then he will try to kill them outright.

In Daniel chapter 8, we see the same exact things happening.

  1. And out of one of them came a little horn which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the Glorious Land.
  2. And it grew up to the host of heaven; and it cast down some of the host and some of the stars to the ground, and trampled them.
  3. He even exalted himself as high as the Prince of the host; and by him the daily sacrifices were taken away, and the place of His sanctuary was cast down.
  4. Because of transgression, an army was given over to the horn to oppose the daily sacrifices; and he cast truth down to the ground. He did all this and prospered. Daniel 8:9-12 NKJV

Now we can see that Satan will try to exalt himself to the level of Jesus our Prince. Satan can be seen as trying to take over the whole world and exalt himself as the Prince of the host!

In Revelation, we see the exact same actions we saw in Daniel. I have color coded the following texts to indicate various activities: Red indicates what Satan will do to God's people. Green indicates what Satan will do to blaspheme God and try to take God's throne. Purple indicates what the wicked will do to serve Satan.

  1. "Therefore rejoice, O heavens, and you who dwell in them! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth and the sea! For the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, because he knows that he has a short time."
  2. Now when the dragon saw that he had been cast to the earth, he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male Child.
  1. And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to make war with the rest of her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. Revelation 12:12-13, 17.

Satan is enraged with all who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. Satan knows he does not have much time left and he knows he needs to kill everyone who is loyal to God. We can see that Satan is enraged with those who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.

It is clear that anyone who keeps all the commandments of God and has the testimony of Jesus, is indeed loyal to God because they worship God with what they do and with what they say. They are completely loyal to God!

  1. And I saw one of his heads as if it had been mortally wounded, and his deadly wound was healed. And all the world marveled and followed the beast.
  2. So they worshiped the dragon who gave authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, "Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him?"
  3. And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies, and he was given authority to continue for forty-two months.
  4. Then he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme His name, His tabernacle, and those who dwell in heaven.
  5. It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation.
  6. All who dwell on the earth will worship him, whose names have not been written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
  1. Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth, and he had two horns like a lamb and spoke like a dragon.
  2. And he exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence, and causes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.
  3. He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down from heaven on the earth in the sight of men.
  4. And he deceives those who dwell on the earth by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived.
  5. He was granted power to give breath to the image of the beast, that the image of the beast should both speak and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed.
  6. He causes all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hand or on their foreheads,
  7. and that no one may buy or sell except one who has the mark or the name of the beast, or the number of his name. Revelation 13:3-8, 11-17.

We can see that the wicked worships the dragon (Satan) and the beast. All people who do not have their name written in the Book of Life will worship Satan! To get this to happen Satan had to deceive the whole world. They worship Satan because they want to save their own life, crying out: Who is like the beast? Who is able to make war with him? Satan causes all to receive a mark and that no one can buy or sell unless they have this mark. Later they will find out that they have lost everything when they thought to save their own skin and receive the mark.

It should be clear that the righteous of the world, living in the last days, will experience the same thing that Job experienced. Satan has probably demanded that all the people of the world are his and God probably said: "OK try them".

The last days are the trying time for God's people and the battle between Jesus and Satan is dependent upon what the righteous do. If they hold up, just as Job did; Then Jesus will be victorious in the war.

There are many ways Satan can get the allegiance of the people of this world. One of the most dramatic ways is to have people curse God, as he wanted Job to do. Or to disobey what God would have us do. Another way is to make us so busy that we have no time for God. In this way, the things we are doing have become our god.

Today, so many people have become indifferent to the idea of serving God. Other things have become more important in their thinking. There are some who see a real need to get close to God; However, they keep putting off making a decision. Satan keeps putting ideas and feelings to get them sidetracked.

Since Satan is working so hard to get people to look at him for direction, let's look to see what really makes Satan furiously angry:

  1. And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to make war with the rest of her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ. Revelation 12:17.

Those who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ are those who Satan cannot control. And remember, if Satan cannot control everyone, he will lose his goal to rule the world and loose the war against God. It is no wonder that Satan is angry.

All that he has tried to do to get them to follow him has failed. God's people will not follow Satan's lead at all. Rather, they have chosen to follow and do all what the Lord wants them to do. At this point Satan is so enraged with God's people that he wars against them to put them to death. Since he cannot control them, he will exterminate them.

To remind you what we saw in Daniel and Revelation, here is a synopsis of Satan's actions against the Righteous in the last days:

  1. it was devouring, breaking in pieces, and trampling the residue with its feet.
  2. (It) was making war against the saints, and prevailing against them,
  3. He. . . shall persecute the saints of the Most High,
  4. Then the saints shall be given into his hand For a time and times and half a time.
  5. Woe to the inhabitants of the earth and the sea! For the devil has come down to you, having great wrath, because he knows that he has a short time.
  6. he persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male Child.
  7. And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to make war with the rest of her offspring, who keep the commandments of God and have the testimony of Jesus Christ.
  8. It was granted to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them. And authority was given him over every tribe, tongue, and nation.
  9. and cause as many as would not worship the image of the beast to be killed.
  10. yet for many days they shall fall by sword and flame, by captivity and plundering.

It is clear from the Bible itself that God's people will not be taken away in some rapture. No, instead we have seen actual scripture that shows that God's people will be hunted and killed for obeying God. God's people will be like Job, experiencing adversity, yet remaining loyal to God.

Elsewhere, in the book of Revelation, we see that the righteous are again identified as those who keep the commandments of God and have the faith of Jesus:

  1. Here is the patience of the saints; here are those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus. Revelation 14:12.

In a time of great hardship, as described in Revelation, God's people are identified as those needing endurance (patience) to continue till the end. Again, this group is identified as those who keep the commandments of God and remain loyal to Jesus.

  1. Blessed are those who do His commandments, that they may have the right to the tree of life, and may enter through the gates into the city. Revelation 22:14.

When God's people inherit a new life with God, it is because they have been completely loyal to God by keeping his commandments and following him in all ways that they will have a right to eat from the tree of life, and they will have the right to enter into the gates of the New Jerusalem where we will live with God forever.


Note: 3:16A pain

  1. Then God said to the woman, "I will greatly increase your exertion and pain when you go into labor; with spasms of distress you will bring forth children. Yet you will desire your husband, and he will rule over you." Genesis 3:16

The Hebrew word for sorrow (KJV) Strongs no. 6093 is the same found in verse 3:17. can mean pain, toil, and suffering


Note: 3:16B distress

  1. Then God said to the woman, "I will greatly increase your exertion and pain when you go into labor; with spasms of distress you will bring forth children. Yet you will desire your husband, and he will rule over you." Genesis 3:16

The Hebrew word for pain (KJV) Strongs no. 6089 can mean pain, hurt, toil, and labor


Note: 3:17 exertion

  1. Then God said to the man, "because you have listened to your wife and ate from the tree that I commanded you not to eat, The ground is cursed because of you, and all the days of your life you will have to work hard with heavy exertion so that you can eat. Genesis 3:17

See NOTE 3:16a


Note: 3:20 Eve

  1. The man named his wife Eve because she is the mother of all the living. Genesis 3:20

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 2332, Eve means life or alive.


Note: 3:22 knows

  1. Then the Lord God said, "Now that the man has become like one of us; who knows both good and evil, suppose he were to reach out his hand to also eat the fruit of the tree of life, and live forever!" Genesis 3:22

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 3045, to know or perceive, in this verse it can mean to distinguish between


Note: 3:24 ever-turning

  1. So He drove the man out, and stationed the cherubim east of the garden of Eden with the ever-turning fiery sword, to guard the way to the tree of life. Genesis 3:24

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 2015, turn; overturn; turn this way & that, every way, of the flaming sword; translated as:whirling, whirling around, which turned every way, that flashed around in every direction, ever-turning


Note: 4:1A sexual relations

  1. And the man had sexual relations with his wife Eve. and she became pregnant and bore Cain. And she said, "I have gained a man with the help of the Lord." Genesis 4:1

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 3045, to know or perceive, (the same word as is found in NOTE 3:22) in this verse it means to know a person carnally, of sexual intercourse, sexual relations.


Note: 4:1B she said

  1. And the man had sexual relations with his wife Eve. and she became pregnant and bore Cain. And she said, "I have gained a man with the help of the Lord." Genesis 4:1

What Eve said could have been translated this way: "I have gained a male child with the help of the Lord", as it is found in many of the newer translations. However the "male child" meaning of the Hebrew word ( see NOTE 4:1d) is an exception to the rest of the Bible. Since Eve is referring to a birth with this term, it is easy to see that these translators are trying to make sense of the word by making it fit the story.

Also, it should not escape our notice that many translators follow a tradition that the scriptures would have its ultimate meaning relating to those who wrote the books and not to things future. With this view of Scripture, it is not hard to see why many translators would want to use the word child instead of man even though translating it as a child is an exception of all of Scriptures.

Another possibility is to use what many versions translate as: given birth, brought forth, gotten, gained, (NKJV does well with: acquired), with something quite different (see NOTE 4:1c).

So it was a temptation to translate it thus: And she said, "I have purchased my husband with the help of the Lord." J.M. Powis Smith (and a group of scholars) go so far in their Bible as to translate Eve's statement as: "I have won back my husband; the Lord is with Me!" There could have been bad feelings between the two after they fell into sin. They could have blamed each other for the trouble they now found themselves in. Eve now feels that she has won back her husband's affection with their new son. This is a radical translation that no one else seems to agree with.

However, after having experienced the fall into sin, and having experienced death. She could have rejoiced with the promise that a redeemer, "the Messiah", "the Promised One", would be born in the human family to save them from certain death and misery, Because they were now living on a dying planet, they themselves were dying with the results of sin; So Eve probably was looking forward to the happiness that this event would bring to them. Maybe their first son was the promised one of God that would wash away their sins, that would redeem them and reunite them with God! It is clear that she did not say she had gained a male child. What she said is that she had acquired a man with the help of the Lord! She has acquired the promised one of God!


Note: 4:1C gained

  1. And the man had sexual relations with his wife Eve. and she became pregnant and bore Cain. And she said, "I have gained a man with the help of the Lord." Genesis 4:1

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 7069, to get or acquire, to purchase, or even to redeem as is found in Ex. 15:16; Is. 11:11

(For background information see NOTE 4:1b)


Note: 4:1D man

  1. And the man had sexual relations with his wife Eve. and she became pregnant and bore Cain. And she said, "I have gained a man with the help of the Lord." Genesis 4:1

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 376, = man , husband

(For background information see NOTE 4:1b)


Note: 4:4A fat

  1. while Abel also brought some food, but from the best of the firstborn from his flock, he even took the best parts of the fat. Now the Lord had respect and high regard for Abel and He accepted his offering, Genesis 4:4

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 2459, = fat, or it can mean the very choicest. - Abel's sacrifice of the firstlings of the flock and of their fat indicated his desire to offer the best to God. The offering of the fat, which was the tastiest part, symbolized the worshiper's desire to offer the best to God Such offerings is therefore welcomed by God (Is. 43:24). But of course this is no substitute for obedience (I Sam 15:22).


Note: 4:4BCD respect, high regard, accepted

  1. while Abel also brought some food, but from the best of the firstborn from his flock, he even took the best parts of the fat. Now the Lord had respect and high regard for Abel and He accepted his offering, Genesis 4:4

In Hebrew, Strongs no. 8159, = look at, look to, gaze (steadily, with interest), regard with favor - To look at with interest. It is never a casual or disinterested glance. In Gen 4:4-5, it means to look at with approval, to approve of. Thus God approved of Abel, but not of Cain. (TWotOT)


Note: 4:5AB 4:6AB rejected, downcast, sad, depressed

  1. but He paid no heed to Cain and his offering. So Cain became very angry and he felt rejected and downcast.
  2. And the Lord asked Cain, "Why are you so angry and why do you look so sad and depressed? Genesis 4:5-6

Face fallen results from a very strong anger or displeasure


Note: 4:8 Come, lets go into the field

  1. Then Cain said to his brother Abel, "Come, lets go into the field." While they were out in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and murdered him. Genesis 4:8

The Hebrew omits what Cain said. However other ancient texts include it.


Note: 4:21 flute

  1. Jabal"s brother was Jubal, who was the father of those who play the harp and flute. Genesis 4:21

or lyre and pipe


Note: 4:22 bronze

  1. Zillah gave birth to Tubal-Cain, who made tools out of bronze and iron. The sister of Tubal-Cain was Naamah. Genesis 4:22

or copper


Note: 5:1 history

book of the generations


Note: 5:24A Enoch walked with God

  1. Enoch walked with God, and then he disappeared, for God took him away. Genesis 5:24

Enoch pleased God so much that He took him away. Walking with God must mean praying and acting of your prayers. Taking God at His word!

Also NOTE Jude 14 Enoch, what was he like?


Note: 5:24B God took him away

  1. Enoch walked with God, and then he disappeared, for God took him away. Genesis 5:24

God took him home with Him. Rather than seeing death and being put in a grave like most people on earth, Enoch was translated to heaven. He did not die!

Also see Note: Hebrews 11:5 Enoch was translated.


Note: 6:1A men

  1. When mankind began to increase on the land and daughters were born to them, Genesis 6:1

The word for men (Strongs # 120) usually means mankind. However on occasion it can mean a man as opposed to a women.


Note: 6:1B daughters were born to them

  1. When mankind began to increase on the land and daughters were born to them, Genesis 6:1

In verse 2, we see that the main emphasis is that the young men who followed God started to look at worldly women who did not worship God. So there must have been a multitude of young women of the world in that day.

The suggestion in verse 1 is that daughters of the world became numerous.


Note: 6:2A God

  1. the sons of God saw how beautiful the daughters of men were, so they married those whom they liked best. Genesis 6:2

the plural for the true God, showing both the unity of God and the plurality of persons of God (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit).


Note: 6:2B saw how beautiful the daughters of men were

  1. the sons of God saw how beautiful the daughters of men were, so they married those whom they liked best. Genesis 6:2

As daughters were born to the men of the world, God's people took special note of this fact. They started to marry those whom they liked best. So God's people started to intermarry with the people of the world who do not follow God!

It should be clear in the text the reason why God decides to distroy the earth. When God's people intermarry with the world, the attributes of Satan become the attributes of God's people. There is nothing left that is good. All through the Bible, God has warned His people not to interact with the heathen peoples of the world. This is why God chose to take Abram away from his home town, away from his people. Away from those who would seek to weaken his serving the only True God.

It should be clear that there is a cause and effect described in this chapter. The text first shows the intermarrying, then the evil. The intermarrying had caused the evil among God's people so that God had to say that every imagination and intention they planed was nothing but evil all the time.


Note: 6:2C married

  1. the sons of God saw how beautiful the daughters of men were, so they married those whom they liked best. Genesis 6:2

Took for themselves wives - This is a normal human activity. Not a case where gods or angels are taking wives among humans for themselves.


Note: 6:3A 6:7 said

  1. Then the Lord said, "My breath of life will not remain in human beings forever, because they are flesh. They will live only 120 years." Genesis 6:3
  1. So the Lord said, "I will destroy all human beings that I have created on the land. And I will destroy every animal and reptile that crawls on the land and the birds of the air, because I regret that I ever made them." Genesis 6:7

God is clearly reacting to the evil on the earth. in verse 3 we see that He reacts to the fact that God's people were attaching themselves in marrage to people who followed Satan. All throughout the Bible, God has said to stay separate from unbelievers because they bring the righteous down to their evil level.

As is noted in NOTE 6:2B, it should be clear in the text the reason why God decides to distroy the earth. When God's people intermarry with the world, the attributes of Satan become the attributes of God's people. There is nothing left that is good. All through the Bible, God has warned His people not to interact with the heathen peoples of the world. This is why God chose to take Abram away from his home town, away from his people. Away from those who would seek to weaken his serving the only True God.

It should be clear that there is a cause and effect described in this chapter. The text first shows the intermarrying, then the evil. The intermarrying had caused the evil among God's people so that God had to say that every imagination and intention they planed was nothing but evil all the time.


Note: 6:3B life

  1. Then the Lord said, "My breath of life will not remain in human beings forever, because they are flesh. They will live only 120 years." Genesis 6:3

See Note: 2:7B Which describes the beginning of of the breath of life. Genesis 2:7 reads:

  1. Then the Lord God formed a man out of the dust of the ground and He breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and that man became a living person.

Note: 6:4A populated

  1. In those days, as well as afterward, the land was populated by giants who were wonderful, strong, mighty, and distinguished. When the sons of God had sexual relations with the daughters of men, and they gave birth to children, they were the famous heroes [or fierce warriors] which existed in ancient times. Genesis 6:4

"Giants were in the earth in those days". Some see that this verse describe angels, gods, or alians are mating with humans. However, most likely we are looking at a normal human activity of mating on the earth. So the earth was populated with giants. People who live over 900 years were probably much stronger, wiser, and larger then we are today. They would indeed seem like giants to us! In the time of Moses who wrote Genesis, the people before the flood would have been like giants.


Note: 6:4B giants

  1. In those days, as well as afterward, the land was populated by giants who were wonderful, strong, mighty, and distinguished. When the sons of God had sexual relations with the daughters of men, and they gave birth to children, they were the famous heroes [or fierce warriors] which existed in ancient times. Genesis 6:4

Some attempt to relate this word to the root 'napal' which means untimely birth or miscarriage which would produce superhuman monstrosities. See NOTE 6:4A

However, a more likely possibility is the root 'pul' which means: be wonderful, strong mighty. Another possibility is the root 'pala meaning: be wonderful. Still another possibility is the root 'pala which means separate, or distinguish.

The translation "giants" is supported mainly by the LXX and may be quite misleading. The word may be of unknown origin and mean "heroes" or "fierce warriors" etc.

The RSV and NIV transliteration "Nephilim" may seem safer since they don't have to make a decision. However, within today's Christian community there is a widely held belief that the word "Nephilim" refers to either alians or Satan's fallen angels. However, the term, "Nephilim", can mean some sort of superhuman monstrosity or it can refer to a race or nation, possibly those living before the flood. (TWotOT)


Note: 6:4C distinguished

  1. In those days, as well as afterward, the land was populated by giants who were wonderful, strong, mighty, and distinguished. When the sons of God had sexual relations with the daughters of men, and they gave birth to children, they were the famous heroes [or fierce warriors] which existed in ancient times. Genesis 6:4

Since we are looking at normal human activity, all humans would match the description of "giants who are wonderful, strong, mighty and distinguished". If man has degraded since the fall into sin, then both the stature and the abilities of man should have degraded quite a bit. Moses' description of these people are that of describing a race which has abilities far above man in his (Moses) day.


Note: 6:9A time

  1. This is the family history of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, he had an honest integrity in an [evil] time, and he walked with God. Genesis 6:9

in his age; in his generation; among his contemporaries


Note: 6:9B walked

  1. This is the family history of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, he had an honest integrity in an [evil] time, and he walked with God. Genesis 6:9

walking with God is a continual habitual fellowship with God.


Note: 6:14A ark

  1. Build an ark of gopher wood. Make rooms in it and cover it inside and outside with pitch. Genesis 6:14

a vessel which Noah, his family and a sampling of animals had made to escape the flood. It is a vehicle of salvation. And of God's protection. Not just a boat, but a refuge, a sanctuary, and a shield and home for God's people.


Note: 6:14B gopher wood

  1. Build an ark of gopher wood. Make rooms in it and cover it inside and outside with pitch. Genesis 6:14

We are not sure what is meant by gopher wood. Some think it may be cypress. However, this guess might be based on much of the rest of the Bible that is post flood. Certain types of trees are known to exist in the holy lands in the time of Jewish history. Would assumptions based on this kind of information be accurate to describe conditions before the flood, where the land and types of trees were probably very much different?


Note: 6:14C pitch

  1. Build an ark of gopher wood. Make rooms in it and cover it inside and outside with pitch. Genesis 6:14

pitch, many modern translations translate as tar, bitumen, or asphalt. However, asphalt, tar, or bitumen, are guesses at this point. It is known that tar, etc. was used in early antiquity as an adhesive to hold inlays into statues. Both the Bablylon story and the Bible describe this step in the building, the same.

However, tar, asphalt, and bitumen are actually fossil fuels that were deposited in the flood. The ark was made before fossil fuels were produced and put in the ground. So what did Noah use? Who knows. It could be, because of the intelligences of the people at the time, that people had substances that they made themselves.

The ability of man to do things has diminished. It has not advanced. Yes in these modern times, our knowledge has increased. However, it is possible that even a more superior knowledge was held by man than now.


Note: 6:15 cubits

  1. Make it this way, the length of the ark will be 300 cubits, its width fifty cubits, and its height 30 cubits. Genesis 6:15

in Hezekiah's day it is confirmed that a cubit is approximately 17.5 inches, or the average distance from the elbow to the tip of the middle finger. Throughout the middle east at that time, the cubit was used however the length varies somewhat. The Egyptian longer cubit was 20.67 inches, the Egyptian shorter cubit was 17.72 inches, while the Babylon cubit was 21.56 inches.

The question we need to ask ourselves is: did Moses estimate the size of the Ark by using his present day cubit? Or did Noah himself use his own cubit in his day to make the Ark? Noah being a man who lived mostly before the flood, had lived much longer than we do today (950 years). He must have been very much larger than we are today. So it is possible that the Ark could have been even larger than is usually estimated. Even Moses who lived at a time when people lived slightly longer than in Hezekiah's time could have used a sligthtly larger cubit as well.

So the size of the Ark using the various sizes of known cubits is:

Various Cubits ......Length...... Width ......Height......
Many Bibles estimate 1.5' per Cubit (18' or 1' 6") 450 ft. 75 ft. 45 ft.
Jewish Cubit at Hezekiah's day (17.5" or 1' 5.5") 437' 6" 72' 11" 43' 9"
Egyptian Short Cubit (17.72" or 1' 5.72") 443' 73' 10" 44'10"
Egyptian Long Cubit (20.67" or 1' 8.67") 516' 9" 86' 1.5" 51' 8"
Babylon Cubit (21.26" or 1' 9.26") 531' 6" 88' 7" 53' 2"

Note: 6:16A window

  1. Make a roof or an open window that is one cubit wide from the edge of the roof down. Put a door in the side of the Ark, and build the Ark with an upper, middle and lower deck in it. Genesis 6:16

The meaning of the Hebrew word (Strongs # 6672) is uncertain. It could have meant roof, opening, or both.


Note: 6:16B down

  1. Make a roof or an open window that is one cubit wide from the edge of the roof down. Put a door in the side of the Ark, and build the Ark with an upper, middle and lower deck in it. Genesis 6:16

The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. Others have translated this phrase as: "terminate it within a cubit of the top." "finishing it off on top to the width of a cubit" "and finish it to a cubit" "and you shall finish it above to a cubit." "giving it a fall of one cubit when complete".

If we can believe the stories of people (such as Vense Will and George Hagopian) who say they have climed Mount Ararat and have seen the ark; The description they give is that the top of the ark is basically flat except for a raised structure that runs the entire length of the boat. This raised structure is a roof-like structure with openings on both sides to allow both air and light into the boat. It could have been a cubit wide and or the openings on either side could have been a cubit high. See the two drawings below.

Width View of the Ark

A Cross-section View of the upper portion of the Ark
.

Top View of the Ark

Note: 7:1 righteous

  1. Then the Lord said to Noah, "Go into the ark, with all your household, for you alone in this generation have I found to be righteous. Genesis 7:1

Righteous (Strongs # 6662) means just and upright in conduct and character. a right standing towards God. "The man who is righteous tries to preserve the peace and prosperity of the community by fulfilling the commands of God in regard to others." (TWOTOT) A righteous man is one who serves God Mal 3:18.


Note: 7:2A pairs

  1. Of every clean animal you will take seven pairs, each male with their mate, and of every animal that is not clean, a pair, a male with its mate; Genesis 7:2

The King James Version Bible texts says that the clean animals came in by seven, a male and his female, and the unclean by two, a male and his female. This follows the original and several other translations follow this lead. However what does this mean? If only seven animals of the clean come into the ark, then you will have 3 pairs and one odd animal. The "male and his female" does not seem to fit the description of all the clean animals . As a result, many modern translations help clear the confusion by saying seven pairs of animals. There are seven males and their mates. This means that there are 14 animals of every kind and every male has his female. This allows all of the text to make sense and meaning of the words of the text is not ignored.


Note: 7:2B pair

  1. Of every clean animal you will take seven pairs, each male with their mate, and of every animal that is not clean, a pair, a male with its mate; Genesis 7:2

It seems to reason that if seven pairs of animals is meant in the text for clean animals, then to be logical one would expect two to mean two pairs of animals (4 animals) for each unclean kind of animal. However in all the new modern texts, we see that they are treated differently. Seven means seven pairs, and two means one pair. The reason is simple. The word for two does not mean plural but dual. The word is restricted to naturally occurring pairs such as feet, arms, legs, eyes, etc. So in verse 7:2, we could use the phrase: "a pair" or "a couple" to make the word "two" both more understandable and correct. So of the clean animals there were 14 for each kind (7 pairs), and for the unclean animals there were 2 for each kind (1 pair).


Note: 7:7 flood

  1. So Noah, with his sons, his wife, and his sons' wives, went into the ark because of the waters of the flood. Genesis 7:7

This time is spoken of by Jesus in Matthew 24:37-39 and Luke 17:26-27.

  1. What people did in Noah's day, they will also do when the Son of Man comes.
  2. For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the very day Noah entered the ark.
  3. And they did not know what was going to happen until the flood came which destroyed them all. That is how it will be when the Son of Man comes. Matthew 24:37-39.
  1. In the time of the Son of Man, people will do what they did in Noah's day.
  2. People were eating, drinking, marrying, and giving in marriage, until the very day Noah entered the ark. Then the flood came and destroyed them all. Luke 17:26-27

Note: 7:9 came to Noah

  1. came to Noah and went into the ark in groups of two, male and female, as God had commanded Noah. Genesis 7:9

We have a suggestion here that the animals came to Noah and not the other way around. Noah did not go around collecting animals. One translation even says that the animals "joined Noah in the ark." The complete Bible by J.M. Powis Smith and a group of scholars (E.J. Goodspeed translated the New Testament of that Bible).

Noah had spent 120 years building the ark amidst much laughter and scoffing. Imagine what he and his family thought and felt when they started to see the animals come by themselves without any help, to go into the ark that they had made. It was their first clear indication that God was with them and was pleased with what they were doing.

There was also to be a time of testing. God did not start the flood until after 7 days. During this time, they were tested as the people probably gathered around the ark to yell at them and laugh. I am sure that the fact that the animals and birds came on their own accord helped their faith before they were tested.

See also NOTE 7:15a about Genesis 7:15 where the text refers to the animals coming to Noah! Also see NOTE 10:25b showing how the animals went to all the continents of the world.


Note: 7:11 great deep broke open

  1. In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, on the seventeenth day of the second month, on that very day all the springs of the great deep broke open and the windows of the sky opened up. Genesis 7:11

Some people associate the great deep with the great oceans of the world. This makes sense in our world today. However, one must wonder, when the earth was flooded by water so that it covered all land, where did all that water go? The only answer is that all that water is on the world today is in the oceans.

In today's world when there is a local flood and it stops raining, eventually all that water will drain away down the river into the ocean and the sun will dry things up. However, when God covered the land of the whole world (the entire globe) with water; Where did all that water drain off to allow the land to dry up?

In Psalm 104:6-9 we find an enlightened answer. It looks like God made some major changes in the earth so that the water had a place to go after the flood:

King James Version The Brown Bible The World English Bible
6.  . . . the waters stood above the mountains.
7.  At thy rebuke they fled; at the voice of thy thunder they hasted away.
8.  They go up by the mountains; they go down by the valleys unto the place which thou hast founded for them.
9.  Thou hast set a bound that they may not pass over; that they turn not again to cover the earth.
6.  . . . The water level was above the mountains.
7.  But at your commanding rebuke, the water hurried away. When you thundered, the waters rushed away.
8.  The mountains rose, the valleys sank, and the water went to the places you made for it.
9.  You have determined where the boundaries of seas are to be, so that they cannot overflow the edge. The water will never again flood the whole earth.
Psalm 104:6-9 Brown Bible
6.  . . . The waters stood above the mountains.
7.  At your rebuke they fled. At the voice of your thunder they hurried away.
8.  The mountains rose, the valleys sank down, to the place which you had assigned to them.
9.  You have set a boundary that they may not pass over; that they don't turn again to cover the earth.

There is no place for the water to go if all the world is flooded with water, so God caused the mountains to rise and the valleys to sink! It looks like God created the large Ocean basins of the deep that we have today. The ocean basins obviously did not exist during the flood, otherwise, the world would not have been flooded! Thus when God decided to end the flood He allowed all the water to flow into newly created ocean basins between the continents to enable the land to become dry again.

It should not escape our notice that in today's world, the oceans of the world are younger than the land of the continents. The river deltas and all the sediment that we find today is just as we would expect to find if a world wide flood occurred 4,500 years ago. So it should be clear that today's great oceans did not exist before the flood. The age of most river deltas is about 100,000 years if we assume that things were always happening just as they are today. However, because of the world wide flood, we would not expect that to be true at all! If the ocean basins started to open up, we would expect the greatest amount of erosion to occur at the beginning when massive amounts of water would start pouring into the ocean basins. In most rivers, we usually see evidence that these rivers at one time, use to contain much more water than now. Actually, having an age of 100,000 years (assuming constant conditions) is exactly what we would expect if a flood occurred only 4,500 years ago, because the conditions have Not been constant. As the original water was flowing off the land after the flood, we would expect the rivers that were forming to have been massive.

I remember passing the Mississippi river and as I was passing through the area, and looking at the map, I realized that the river valley floor was actually more than 100 miles wide. That river must have been 100 miles wide shortly after the flood. Massive amounts of sediment must have gone down the Mississippi when it was young! Most of the Mississippi river delta could have been made in the first few days months, and years when the North American Continent was draining. So it is easy to see why a river delta that looks to be 100,000 years old, can be only 4,500 years old.

In addition, evidence shows that the presence of rain that helped cause the flood did not stop all of the sudden. While at Loma Linda University, I found out that the evidence is strong that the amount of rain fall, following the flood, was much greater than now. Since that time, the rain fall has slowly decreased causing the world to slowly become drier as the years go by. This is another reason for realizing why rivers could have had more sediment in the past than now in the years following the flood.

Ever other river that I have looked at has the same kind of features. Today various rivers are only hundreds of feet wide, however when looking at the valley where the river flows, we can see that at one time there were massive amounts of water flowing through the area. So it is easy to see why most of the erosion could have occurred just in the short time following the flood.

What was the world like before the flood, were there any great oceans at that time, as we have today? Since the book of Genesis indicates that it did not rain, we could probably say that there were no great oceans before the flood. In today's world, the energy from the sun allows great storms to form over oceans where water is picked up to be deposited as rain on land. If there were no great oceans, there probably would be no rain. Today, the location and arrangement of deserts, grasslands, forests, and rain forests are totally dependent on the route of the storms from its forming areas until all the water is released. Today we see rain shadows around islands, mountains that help indicate this very important point that in today's world, rain is the only way that the land gets watered.

So before the flood, there probably were no great oceans of the world and there was no rain. If that is true, how did the earth get watered?

It turns out that rain is not the best way to water things. Rain usually destroys top soil by leaching out the minerals and nutrients. The rain actually takes the nutrients right out of the soil. So on the earth today in places where it rains a lot, the soil is usually poor. On the other hand, places where it does not rain much, the soil is usually very rich. The more rain there is, the poorer the soil. In the tropical rain forests, there is literally no soil at all. When something dies and falls down, if that animal is not eaten or if that tree does not have other things growing on it to absorb what was in the tree, then the rain will carry it away and those nutrients will be forever lost to the rain forest.

There are indications from the earth itself that our world use to be a much richer place, before the flood, with a much greater abundant numbers of living organisms living on the earth. It has been estimated that over 400 times the plant and animal life we have today in the ocean, streams, and land; is buried in the ground in the form of coal, oil, oil shale, and fossils etc. This number just represents what we have found. Evolutionists assume that this material was deposited over 600 million years; However, according to the Bible, all of the deposits were buried by a flood in a single global event in the time of Noah.

To have 400 times the biomas we have today, before the flood, indicates that the earth was indeed a very rich place. Most likely, the pre-flood world did not have rain to leach the nutrients out of the soil. Because, the numbers (400 times what we have today) tell us that conditions, rather than being leached out and depleted, were abundant and rich. The world was enriched with all kinds of nutrients to allow for so much life.

In today's world we often have large areas of land that have too little water for abundant life. In addition, much of the ocean is a water desert because of the lack of nutrients. The original created earth must have been a more highly regulated place to support so much life.

So, how did the earth get watered? The Bible speaks of a mist, but where did the mist come from? The answer, I think, comes from the Biblical description of the great fountains (springs) of the deep? There must have been underground water that moved about underneath the ground that could water the earth.

Most likely there were great passage ways of water under the earth. There must have been a vast network or a system of underground rivers to serve all kinds of purposes. One of the possibilities would be to control the temperature of the whole earth. We must remember that the earth was a created place. When we look at life today, which God created, we see design, right down to the cellular level and beyond. However, when we look at our earth, we often see random actions and disasters that have shaped our world. The global flood of Noah is the biggest event to have shaped our world. So today, we look at a world that was destroyed. However, what was the world like before it was destroyed?

If the design that we see in living nature is of any indication, of what the world could have been like in the beginning, we must realize that the world must have originally had the same kind of features that we find in living things. There must have been mechanisms to ensure that the temperature was controlled, that the moisture content of the air was regulated to allow for mist but not rain. And this water was some how placed in such a place that the plants, animals, birds etc. could drink of the water. There must have been mechanisms to propel the water from place to place. Maybe the energy from the heat of the earth itself was used to do these things and more.

Also, the water that flowed underground did not go through a distilling process like we have today in the form of rain, so that water could have been rich with the needed nutrients needed to support an abundant variety of life forms in high numbers.

All the water that became the flood waters, and now are found in the oceans of the world, must have mostly been underground to make the earth a comfortable place. This is the most likely answer to the question: Where did the waters of the flood come from?

So if these things are at all true, the great fountains (springs) of the deep could be referring to structures under the surface of the ground that contained great amounts of water.


Note: 7:12 forty days and forty nights

  1. And the rain fell on the land for forty days and forty nights. Genesis 7:12

Many people when they read the account of the flood think that it only rained 40 days and 40 nights. They seem to ignore the fact that Noah and his family stayed in the ark for at least a year! Also, in Genesis 8:1-2, it seems to suggest that the rain ended much later, 150 days rather than 40 days. Here is an organized synopsis of the flood.

Four main points need to be made, concerning the global flood that destroyed the whole of the planet, as these points should have direct application on our sinful world of today. (Taken from Creation-Accident or Design? by Harold Coffin)

1. God had to destroy man because of his great sinfulness. The majority of the human race chose to follow what ever they wanted to do as most do today, not realizing that Satan was leading their steps to destruction. Every thought all of us have is evil unless we are guided by the Holy Spirit.

"God saw that the people of the earth were corrupt and did what was evil, and violence was everywhere. . . for everyone on the earth was degenerate, perverted, and vicious; I have decided to put an end to all Mankind, for the earth is filled with lawlessness because of them. So I will destroy them with the earth." Genesis 6:11-13 Brown Bible

2. The Flood was a world wide (global) event. Various verses indicate the global nature of the flood:

"It rose higher and higher until even the highest mountains everywhere under the sky were covered by water." Genesis 7:19.

If the flood was a local event, why would Noah have to build a large ark to preserve all the animals. If the flood was local they could just move, they had a 120 years to do so.

If the flood was a local event, why would God have to promise that He will never destroy the earth again? Since local floods are very common, if all the flood story was, was a local even, then God does not seem to be able to keep his promises.

Without a global flood there would be no way to create thick layers of the geologic column that are found on all the continents of the world. The creation story would be a joke because there would be no way to produce so much sediments in so short of time. The World wide flood provides the needed mechanisms for sedimentation to occure.

There are many who want the depection of a world wide flood to be only a local flood. It only stands to reason that if this world was at one time a created place with complexity and enharent design, then the only way to explain the way the world is today is to have the whole world (the entire globe) destroyed. The whole world is covered with rather largely spread layers of sediment that can only be explained (if a simple answer is desired) by a world wide flood. Only places where all the layers have been washed off do we have no sedimentary layers. These are places where the bedrock that is suppose to be under everything, is on the surface of the planet.

If on the other hand, if the world was never different than it is now, in the face of very specific descriptions of the original world and long life spans, what would be left of scripture? What else might be incorrect? Have we been dooped?

No, it really makes no sense to read the Bible at all if we determine that it is incorrect in the basic explainations of how we came to be. I personally have experienced too much from God personally to loose faith an any part of the Bible. God has led me in meraculous ways to where I am today. In addition, when I realize that most evidence against the Bible are dependent upon various human assumptions, I gladly wave it all aside and look to the Creator of the Universe for my inspiration and strength.

3. All birds, land animals, and humans except those in the ark perished. The whole point of Genesis 7:21-23 is to emphasize the destruction of man and all land beasts. The majority of the human race chose to follow what ever they wanted to do, not realizing that Satan was leading their steps to destruction.

"All living things that moved on the earth . . . that had the breath of life in its nose and lungs died. God destroyed every living thing from the face of the earth that was on the earth, all people, animals, crawling things, and birds of the sky." Genesis 7:21-23

4. God chose to save only eight people in the ark: Noah pleased God because he did What God wanted him to do. They were close to each other to the point that Noah chose to follow God's instructions even if it meant ridicule etc.

"All that was left was Noah and those with him in the ark." Genesis 7:23.

There are several Theological implications that we should consider when viewing the Story of the Flood. (Taken from Origin by Design by Harold Coffin)

1. The integrity of Scripture. In keeping with good principles of Biblical exegesis, we should regard the Flood account as historical unless it employs obvious symbols and figures. Nothing in the passage suggests that it is not straight narrative. Both Old and New Testament authors accepted it as a correct account of a past historical event.

2. The Genesis flood as an object lesson. It is a type of the world's final destruction.

Jesus made a strong comparison of His second coming with the Genesis flood (Matt. 24:37-39; Luke 17:26-27). For the Flood not to have been universal, not to have destroyed all wicked humanity, would remove much of the force of the comparison. Jesus obviously accepted the story as a historical fact.

3. The Genesis flood solves problems of geology. A catastrophe of global dimensions by water would result in much erosion, laying down of sediments, and burial of organisms. It provides the only mechanism for accomplishing quickly what would others view as taking millions of years.

In 2 Peter 3:3-7, the apostle cites Creation and the Flood as an answer to an argument from uniformity, and points ahead to another catastrophic event yet future.

4. The Flood preserved evidences of sin. Previous to Adam and Eve's transgression, sin was unknown. If the fossil record represents a succession of living forms previous to the Genesis record of Creation week, sin and death obviously afflicted living things before the creation of the human race. But if the fossils are the relics of a post-creation catastrophe, no contradiction with Scripture occurs.

The apostle Paul says in Romans 5:12, "Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned."

Here is a sequence of events: (Taken from Creation-Accident or Design? (a chapter written by Ernest Booth) and Origin by Design both by Harold Coffin

1. In Genesis 7:11 the flood begins. The water came from two sources, "the windows of heaven," which is rain, and "the fountains of the great deep" which is either undergound water or the ocean (See NOTE 7:11).

2. Rain fell for 40 days and 40 nights (Genesis 7:12). Either this text is referring to the time before the ark starts floating, which means the rain acctually stopped 150 days as is indicated in Genesis 7:24-8:2

3. The water continues to rise (This possibly referring to a time after the initial 40 days).

And the water continued to rise, expanding over the whole earth, . . .It rose higher and higher until even the highest mountains everywhere under the sky were covered by water. In fact, when the mountains were covered, the water rose 15 cubits higher than [even] the highest mountain. Genesis 7:18-20.

4. After 150 days a wind began to blow on the water

When the waters had dominated and flooded over the earth for one hundred fifty days, God remembered Noah . . . so God caused a great wind to blow over the earth, and the waters went down. Genesis 7:24-8:1

5. Simultaneously, "The springs of the great deep and the windows of the sky were stopped up, and the rain from the sky were held back . . the waters went down" Gen.8:2-3

6. At the same time the ark landed on the mountains of Ararat. (Genesis 8:4) Either the people in the ark need a rest from the violence of the storm, or what was to happen on the earth from that point might be even more violent. At this time, it could be that the ark needed to be protected from the elements.

Looking at geology, most of the layers are layed down flat with out much change. However, after most of the geologic column had been layed down then, the earth's crust began to break up causing what was layed down to be broken up in many ways. The main purpose of this geo-activity could have been to start creating ocean basins so that the dry land could eventually appear. Conditions could have been rather violent toward the end.

7. The waters went down continually until the tenth month when the tops of mountains could be seen (Genesis 8:5) This 74 days following the 150 day period.

8. Forty days later, Noah opened the window and released a raven. Even though it found no place to go, it remained outside the ark. (Genesis 8:6-7)

9. Seven days later, Noah released a dove, which after a while returned to Noah in the ark. It also could not find a place to land, however it chose the company of man. (Genesis 8:9)

10 Seven days later, Noah releases the dove again. This time toward evening, when the dove returns, it returns with a fresh olive leaf. (Genesis 8:10-11)

11. Once again, seven days later, Noah releases the dove. This time the dove never comes back. Genesis 8:12)

12. On Noah's birthday, he removes the cover of the ark and looked out. This time he saw that the face of the earth was dry.ng but probably still muddy. (Genesis 8:13-14)

13. God opens the ark door and invites Noah and his family to come out of the ark after 1 year and 17 days of being cooped up in the ark! (Genesis 8:15-19)

14. Noah offered burnt offerings to the Lord and God said He will never curse the ground again for man's sake. As long as the earth continues, there will always be days and seasons. (Genesis 8:20-22)

Time overview of the Flood

Note: 7:13 very same day

  1. On the very same day that Noah and his wife, his sons Shem, Ham and Japheth, and their wives entered into the ark. Genesis 7:13

Some translations almost seem to suggest that what the scripture is suggesting, is that on the very day that the rain fell on the earth, Noah entered the Ark. This thought does not agree with the rest of the story. Instead, what the text is probably saying is that on the very same day that Noah and his family entered the ark, all the animals also came on their own accord and entered the ark and the lord closed the door behind them.

What might be behind this kind of thinking is the idea that the early chapters of Genesis are thought to be fragments of early texts brought together at some point in time. They do not believe that these early texts are reasonable to explain our origins and geology, the world in which we live.


Note: 7:15A They came to Noah

  1. They came to Noah and went into the ark, two by two of all creatures that have the breath of life in them. Genesis 7:15

We have the same suggestion as was indicated in Genesis 7:15 that the animals

came to Noah and not the other way around. Noah did not go around collecting animals! One translation even says in both scripture verses that the animals "joined Noah in the ark." The complete Bible by J.M. Powis Smith and a group of scholars (E.J. Goodspeed translated the New Testament of that Bible).

It seems that the Lord made it easier on Noah by having the animals come to him rather than by having Noah try to round up animals. In addition, many of these animals are extremely wild. It would seem that angels not only led the animals to Noah but that they controlled them so that Noah and his family could care for them in an easier manner.

Having animals come on their own accord could have made a lasting impression on not only Noah and his family, but also on the wicked as they saw what was happening. Imagine what they were thinking when it started to rain and the wicked realized that what Noah was telling them, was actually the truth. If only I could have entered the ark when I had the chance! I even saw the animals come to the ark without anyone having to drive them. I should have realized it!

See also NOTE 7:9 about Genesis 7:9 where the text refers to the animals coming to Noah! Also see NOTE 10:25b showing how the animals went to all the continents of the world.


Note: 7:15B two by two

  1. They came to Noah and went into the ark, two by two of all creatures that have the breath of life in them. Genesis 7:15

All throughout the Old Testament, statements are often made such as is found here: "male and female of every kind of animal". We know that the clean animals are an exception, that 7 pairs of every clean animal came into the ark. However, here we only have the 2 by 2 example cited.

There are many places in the Old testament where the exceptions are not listed. In this example, we know from other places that the numbering of animals was more complicated. However, in this statement, the exception is not mentioned.

A Famous example of this is when the children of Israel spent 40 years in the wilderness. It says that everyone from that generation died in the desert because they did not trust in God. However, from other verses, we find that there were two exceptions, Caleb and Joshua pleased God by giving a good report from the promised land!

As you read the Bible look for these statements that have no exceptions where you know that exceptions are mentioned elsewhere.


Note: 7:16 the Lord shut him in

  1. Thus those that entered, male and female of every kind of animal, went in, just as God had commanded him. Then the Lord shut him in by closing the door behind them. Genesis 7:16

Often in movies, Noah is depicted as closing the door. But the Bible is very clear that the Lord Himself closed the door.

When the storm started and the wicked people scratched, pounded, and yelled; trying to get into the ark, Noah could not do anything even if he wanted to. God was controlling the destruction of the wicked!


Note: 7:17 forty days

  1. The flood covered the land for forty days, and as the waters rose it lifted the ark off the ground. Genesis 7:17

See NOTE: 7:24 on the length of the flood in more detail.


Note: 7:20 15 cubits

  1. In fact, when the mountains were covered, the water rose 15 cubits higher than [even] the highest mountain. Genesis 7:20

Many Bibles round a cubit to 18" so 15 cubits would be 270 inches or 22.5 feet. However for more detail see NOTE: 6:15.


Note: 7:21 All living things

  1. All living things that moved on the land died, including all birds, tame animals, wild animals, and creatures that swarm on the land, and all people. Genesis 7:21

Only land animals were saved on the ark. Sea creatures were excluded because they were to be preserved by God in the flood waters themselves.


Note: 7:22 nose and lungs

  1. So everything on dry land that had the breath of life in its nose and lungs died. Genesis 7:22

Most translations read something like nostril to depict the nose, face, or even the body itself. It is considered to be a vital part of the body since God brought man to life by breathing into his nose/nostrils. It is also spoken of as an organ necessary if the life of a man or animal is to continue (Is 2:22).


Note: 7:24 one hundred fifty days

  1. When the waters had dominated and flooded over the land for one hundred fifty days, Genesis 7:24

In Genesis 7:12, 17 we see that it rained for 40 days. However, in verse 17 we get the possible picture that it rained for 40 days before the ark started floating. Thus the 40 days is not depicting how long it rained, only how long it rained before the ark began to float. This idea would keep these two verses (Genesis 7:12, 17) from clashing with Genesis 7:24-8:3 which say that after 150 days, God stopped the rain and the waters start to go down. It is after 150 days that the flood waters began to go down, not 40 days.


Note: 8:3 at the end

  1. also the waters that covered the land began to go down. So, at the end of the hundred and fifty days, the waters went down. Genesis 8:3

See NOTE 8:13 Again we see that it was at the end of the hundred and fifty days that the went down. In Genesis 7:24-8:3 we see that the rain and the springs of the great deep both stopped at the same time.


Note: 8:4 seventeenth day of the seventh month

  1. And on the seventeenth day of the seventh month, the ark grounded and came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. Genesis 8:4

The seventeenth day of the seventh month is the same day as the 150th day of the flood. Some might think then that the waters could have been going down some time before the 150 days. That of course, is possible since the water could be thought as going down some time before the ark would be threatened with grounding.

However, we must remember that the flood waters only went to about 15 cubits higher than the highest mountain. In addition that figure could be referring to the mountains before the flood which we have reason to believe, were not as high as what some of the mountians are today on the earth.

The reason for bringing this point of having higher mountains after the flood is that Mount Arratat is a valcano which must have come up durring the flood because of the break-up of the crust of the earth. Durring the time of the flood, the magna started coming through the cracks in various places forming valcanos. Also, on Mount Arratat, there is mostly pillow lava, which indicates that the valcanic activity did indeed occur underwater, most likely durring the flood.

So, God must have had the ark come to the mountain so, that it could run aground on the mountain when the waters started to go down. There are a countless number of places that the ark could have been during that time. Why did the ark run aground? Most likely, God led in the whole process so to give the people and animals releaf from the continual tossing and turning.

In addition, If new ocean basins needed to be formed with much violent activity occurring on the earth, even the violent action of having rocks fall from space are possible, causing extremely violent processes to occur on the earth. The wave action with this kind of superviolent activity could have destroyed the ark. So there may be reason for God to protect the ark in a special way at this time.

So the fact that the ark runs aground does not specifically mean that the water had been going down for some time. It is possible however. The other possibility is that some of the mountains had risen in altitude to reach the surface of the water.


Note: 8:13 Noah's birthday

  1. On Noah's birthday, his six hundred and first year, the water had dried up on the land, so when he removed the covering of the ark, he saw that the surface of the ground was indeed dry. Genesis 8:13

The original language does not specifically identify this day as being Noah"s birthday. However, it does say that: "And in the six hundred and first year, at the beginning, on the first of the month. . . " The years being spoken of, are the years of Noah"s life. So scripture does indicate that this day was the first day of the first month of Noah"s 601th year. It was his birthday!


Note: 8:14 twenty-seventh day of the month

  1. On the second month, the twenty-seventh day of the month, the land was completely dry. Genesis 8:14

The time that God told Noah to leave the ark was 56 days after his birthday. So Noah and his family was in the ark for a whole year and 17 days. All of the dates spoken of during the time of Noah are actually the age of Noah! The months and days of the year are not the time of year, but it is speaking of the age of Noah.


Note: 8:16 Come out of the ark

  1. "Come out of the ark, you with your wife, your sons, and their wives. Genesis 8:16

When Noah entered the ark two things happened. 1) the animals came to Noah to enter the ark. See NOTE 7:9 and NOTE 7:15a. 2) The Lord closed the door of the ark. See NOTE 7:16

It is not mentioned here other than the fact that God is inviting Noah to come out of the ark, but if God closed the door of the ark, most likely He opened the door when Noah"s family came out of the ark. Also, if the animals were led to the ark, it might seem reasonable that He led them away from the ark. The animals were to repopulate the earth. Did God oversee their initial migrations to ensure that the earth was populated with animals everywhere?

One of the greatest puzzles that Creationists have on the distribution of animals in today"s world is the marsupials in Australia. How did they get there? Why are they there and not anywhere else in the world? It is quite possible that God led the marsupials to Australia before He had all the continents separate from each other. The marsupials seem not to be able to fully compete with the other mammals of the world, so God could have taken them to a place which is isolated from the rest of the world, once the continents separated.

Many have problems with this possibility since the geologic column in Australia has marsupials contained in them. However, out of all the animal types of the world, the marsupials are the only group of the world where there distribution before and after the flood match. Simple statistics should suggest the possibility that this matching distribution is a statistical thing and not evidence of evolution.

See NOTE 10:25b for a more complete disscussion on repopulating of the world with animals.


Note: 9:3 eat

  1. Every creature that moves and is alive will be yours to eat; I now give you all these in the same way that I previously gave you green vegetables and plants. Genesis 9:3

Noah already knew about clean and unclean animals. Seven times more clean animals were preserved in the ark than the unclean animals. The expressed purpose for this is that the clean animals were to be used as sacrifice and also as food. The unclean did not have to be used as food, so not as many of them needed to be preserved.

Often in the scriptures, there are exceptions to the rule. A few of the clear possibilities are: . . .


Note: 9:4 life-blood

  1. But you must never eat meat that still has its life-blood in it. Genesis 9:4

God equates the blood with life to Noah. The original Hebrew says: but flesh, with its life, its blood, you will not eat.


Note: 9:16 as long as the earth continues

  1. When the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it and I will pay attention to the agreement that will last as long as the land continues, between me and every living thing on the land." Genesis 9:16

The actual text says: that lasts forever. However, forever does not mean the same to them as it means to us. For us, forever means it will always exist. In the Bible, the word forever is for as long as something continues; However, the meaning is related to our short existence on earth. So the meaning can mean: for as long as a man will live, or even for as long as the world continues.

In the Old Testament, we have many examples where forever only means a life-time. Hebrew can have the same two meanings.

  1. And if it happens that he says to you, 'I will not go away from you,' because he loves you and your house, since he prospers with you,
  2. then you shall take an awl and thrust it through his ear to the door, and he shall be your servant forever. Also to your female servant you shall do likewise. Deuteronomy 15:16-17

Obviously, the person can only be a servant for as long as he or she lives. So forever means only his or her life-time.

Another good example of this use of forever is in the destruction of the wicked. It says they will burn forever, however, else where, it says they will be burnt up. So forever in this case means until they are burned up. For additional information on the word "forever" in the Bible, click to see: What is meant by for ever and ever in the Bible?


Note: 9:25 cursed

  1. he said, "Canaan is now cursed! He will be the lowest slave of his brothers." Genesis 9:25

The language of Noah here is an actual prophecy and not merely an expression of personal feeling. That Noah placed a curse on his youngest grandchild. Canaan, who would naturally be his favorite, can only be explained on the ground that in the prophetic spirit he saw into the future of the Canaanites. God Himself found the delinquency of the Canaanites insufferable and ultimately drove them out or subdued them and put the descendants of Shem in their place. But Noah's foresight did not yet include the extermination of the Canaanite peoples, for then he would have expressed it differently. He would not merely have called them "the servant of servants" if he had foreseen their destruction. The form of the expression, therefore, testifies to the great age of the prophecy (J. P. Lange, A Commentary as quoted in the Amplified Bible)


Note: 10:4 Kittim

  1. The sons of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. Genesis 10:4

Kittim, his descendants were the people of Cyprus.


Note: 10:6 Egypt

  1. The sons of Ham were Cush, Egypt, Put and Canaan. Genesis 10:6

Mizraim, his descendants were the people of Egypt. Infact Mizraim is another name for Egypt.


Note: 10:8 uninhibited despot

  1. Cush also fathered Nimrod, who boldly magnified himself with pride to become a tyrant that was an uninhibited despot. Genesis 10:8

One translation reads: becan to be a mighty one on the earth. Another translation reads: he was the first to be a mighty man on the earth. However, Green"s Interlinear reads: He began to be a hero in the land. The word for hero seems to have a lot of other meanings associated with the hero idea, such as "One who magnifies himself, behaves proudly, a tyrant, who is bold, audacious.

All the local languages have basically the same word with the same meaning. It is very possible that Nimrod could have been the person that gave this word its rich meaning. J.M. Powis Smith (and a group of scholars) translate this text in their Bible as: "who was the first person on the earth to be a despot."


Note: 10:10 Shinar

  1. Initially, Nimrod's kingdom [of Babylon] covered Babel, Erech, Akkad, and Calneh in the land of Shinar. Genesis 10:10

The land of Shinar is Babylonia


Note: 10:25A Peleg

  1. Eber was the father of two sons - one named Peleg, because the land was divided during his life, and the other was named Joktan. Genesis 10:25

Peleg, means split, or division: the earth was divided.


Note: 10:25B divided

  1. Eber was the father of two sons - one named Peleg, because the land was divided during his life, and the other was named Joktan. Genesis 10:25

The two possible meanings are: 1) the people of the earth was divided 2) the earth was divided.

Either this is referring to the time when God confused the language of the world so they had to separate or divide into different people groups that separated according their language. Or, as some believe, this verse is referring to a time when the continents of the world (America, Antartica, Europe-Asia-Africa) started to separate into separate and distinct continents.

Evidence shows that when the animals of the ark left, those that went south went into Africa, then they walked right into South America. Both the layers of the earth, and the species found in both places show that Africa and South America use to be joined together. It is only after the animals went into South America that the Atlantic Ocean started forming.

Some of the animals that went into Africa walked into Antartica so they could get to Australia. This can also be shown by good evidence. So what is described as pangia, by evolutionary scientists, where all the continents are all connected together as a supercontinent, really did happen. Only the time aspect is off. They describe the time as occurring an extremely long time ago since they assume that the continents have always moved at the same speed that they move now. However when God started moving the contentients, It could have occurred much Faster than what evolutionary scientists today assumed could have happened.

The animals that came out of the ark depended on the fact that all land was connected in one large piece of land. This is how they got to all the lands of the earth. After they got their, then and only then did the land start separating into separate continents. Only the ocean islands have fewer numbers of historical species because only the ones who could get there over or on the water inhabited those places.

From Genesis 7:9,15; we know that the animals came to Noah! God through the angels brought the animals to the ark so that they could be saved. Noah probably could not have made the all important choice of what individuals were to be saved and which ones were not suitable to start a whole new population. God Himself is the one who provided for Noah, seven pairs of clean animals and only a single pair of unclean animals. God made all the choices much more intellengiently than Noah and his family ever could.

If God brought the animals to the ark, he could also have led them away from the ark so that the animals could actually spread throughout the whole earth. God is probably the one who led the special classes of animals to Australia which allows that place to be populated by a very different class of animals than is found elsewhere.

See NOTE 7:9 about Genesis 7:9 and NOTE 7:15a about Genesis 7:15. Both describe text refering to the animals coming to Noah!

Also see NOTE 8:16 about what happened when the animals came out of the ark.


Note: 11:10 family history

  1. This is the family history of Shem, two years after the flood, when Shem was 100 years old, he had a son named Arphaxad. Genesis 11:10

history of the generations


Note: 12:2A bless

  1. I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you abundantly. I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing to others. Genesis 12:2

Strong no. 1288 To bless, praise, to kneel. To bless in the OT means to endue with power for success, prosperity, fecundity, longevity, etc. There may have been a felt association between kneeling and the receiving of a blessing


Note: 12:2B blessing

  1. I will make you into a great nation, and I will bless you abundantly. I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing to others. Genesis 12:2

Strong no. 1293 source of blessing. or seed of the righteous.


Note: Psalm 104:8 the water went to the places you made for it

  1. The mountains rose, the valleys sank, and the water went to the places you made for it. Psalms 104:8

See NOTE 7:11 about where all the water went after the flood plus additional notes of interest.

Also see NOTE 8:4 about the seventeenth day of the seventh month; When did the water start going down?


Note: Hebrews 11:5 was taken from earth to heaven without experiencing death

  1. It was because of his faith that Enoch was taken from earth to heaven without experiencing death. He could not be found, because God had taken him away. Before he was taken, his life was such that he was a man who truly pleased God. Hebrews 11:5

Enoch was translated to Heaven.

See NOTE 5:24B God Took him away.

Also see NOTE Jude 14A Enoch, what was he like?


Note: Jude 14A Enoch

  1. Enoch, who is the seventh descendant from Adam, prophesied against these people: "Look, the Lord is coming with his uncountable gathering of holy angels Jude 14

What was Enoch like? This verse shows a little of what Enoch did in his time. He warned the wicked of a coming judgement, so he was concerned about the people around him. He was a prophet of God!

See NOTE 5:24A Enoch walked with God.

Also see Note: Hebrews 11:5 Enoch was translated because he walked with God.

Also see Note: Jude 14B Enoch prophesied


Note: Jude 14B prophesied

  1. Enoch, who is the seventh descendant from Adam, prophesied against these people: "Look, the Lord is coming with his uncountable gathering of holy angels Jude 14

Strong no. 4395, to prophesy, to be a prophet.

The act of prophesying means to reprove, admonish, or even comfort others. It is an act of a prophetic utterance, to utter forth, declare, a thing which can only be known by divine revelation. It is speaking forth by divine inspirations.

To predict is also part of the meaning of prophesied or prophesy. The act of foretelling future events especially relates to the kingdom of God.


Note: Jude 14C uncountable gathering

  1. Enoch, who is the seventh descendant from Adam, prophesied against these people: "Look, the Lord is coming with his uncountable gathering of holy angels Jude 14

Strong no. 4395, murias, which matches the english word: myriads, which means innumerable hosts or an innumerable multitude, unlimited number.


Note: Jude 14D holy angels

  1. Enoch, who is the seventh descendant from Adam, prophesied against these people: "Look, the Lord is coming with his uncountable gathering of holy angels Jude 14

Strong no. 40, hagios, which means "most holy thing" or "holy ones".


Note: Jude 16A; Jude 18; 2Peter 3:3 going after what is forbidden

  1. These people complain against God and are dissatisfied with life. They follow the craving of their degenerate passions, going after what is forbidden. They brag with proud and boastful words but if it serves their own purpose, they will show others respect to get their own way. Jude 16
  1. for they told you that in the last days there will be people who mock God, who follow the craving of their degenerate passions, going after what is forbidden. Jude 18
  1. First of all, you must understand that in the last days, people will laugh and make fun of you. These people follow the craving of their degenerate passions, going after what is forbidden. 2Peter 3:3

Strong no. 1939, the word means: desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust

So, to say: "craving . . . degenerate passions, going after what is forbidden." is to express the fuller meaning of what is usually translated as lust.


Note: Jude 16B brag with proud and boastful words

  1. These people complain against God and are dissatisfied with life. They follow the craving of their degenerate passions, going after what is forbidden. They brag with proud and boastful words but if it serves their own purpose, they will show others respect to get their own way. Jude 16

Strong no. 5246, the word means: over-swollen, metaphorically it can mean immoderate, extravagant

When used as an adjective for speach or words, it can mean boastful speaking.


Note: Jude 17 predicted

  1. But remember, dear friends, what the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ predicted. Jude 17

Strong no. 4280, to say what precedes, beforehand, before the event: prophecies.

The act of prophesying means to reprove, admonish, or even comfort others. It is an act of a prophetic utterance, to utter forth, declare, a thing which can only be known by divine revelation. It is speaking forth by divine inspirations.


Note: 2Peter 3:5A sky

  1. For they choose to ignore that long ago, through the Word of God, the sky was created and the land was made to stand out of the water, so it was surrounded with water. 2Peter 3:5

Strong no. 3772, ouranos, can mean the vaulted expanse of the sky with all things visible in it. It is usually translated as heaven, air, and sky.

See NOTE 1:1C"sky" in the Old Testament Hebrew.


Note: 2Peter 3:5B land

  1. For they choose to ignore that long ago, through the Word of God, the sky was created and the land was made to stand out of the water, so it was surrounded with water. 2Peter 3:5

Strong no. 1093, ge, can mean the ground, the earth as a standing place, the land as opposed to the sea or water, or the earth as a whole. It is usually translated as earth, land, ground, country, and world.

See NOTE 1:1D"land" in the Old Testament Hebrew.




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Officially posted May 14, 2004
last revised January 1, 2014